Green heterogeneous small-cell networks: Toward reducing the CO2 emissions of mobile communications industry using uplink power adaptation

dc.contributor.authorShakir, Muhammad Zeeshan
dc.contributor.authorQaraqe, Khalid A.
dc.contributor.authorTabassum, Hina
dc.contributor.authorAlouini, Mohamed-Slim
dc.contributor.authorSerpedin, Erchin
dc.contributor.authorImran, Muhammad Ali
dc.contributor.departmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentElectrical Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentCommunication Theory Lab
dc.contributor.institutionTexas AandM University at Qatar, Qatar
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of Surrey, United Kingdom
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-03T11:06:03Z
dc.date.available2015-08-03T11:06:03Z
dc.date.issued2013-06
dc.description.abstractHeterogeneous small cell networks, or Het- SNets, are considered as a standard part of future mobile networks in which multiple lowpower low-cost user deployed base stations complement the existing macrocell infrastructure. This article proposes an energy-efficient deployment of the cells where the small cell base stations are arranged around the edge of the reference macrocell, and the deployment is referred to as cell-on-edge (COE) deployment. The proposed deployment ensures an increase in the network spectral and energy efficiency by facilitating cell edge mobile users with small cells. Moreover, COE deployment guarantees reduction of the carbon footprint of mobile operations by employing adaptive uplink power control. In order to calibrate the reduction in CO2 emissions, this article quantifies the ecological and associated economical impacts of energy savings in the proposed deployment. Simulation results quantify the improvements in CO2 emissions and spectral and energy gains of the proposed COE deployment compared to macro-only networks and typical small cell deployment strategies where small cells are randomly deployed within a given macrocell. © 2013 IEEE.
dc.identifier.citationShakir, M. Z., Qaraqe, K. A., Tabassum, H., Alouini, M.-S., Serpedin, E., & Imran, M. A. (2013). Green heterogeneous small-cell networks: toward reducing the CO2 emissions of mobile communications industry using uplink power adaptation. IEEE Communications Magazine, 51(6), 52–61. doi:10.1109/mcom.2013.6525595
dc.identifier.doi10.1109/MCOM.2013.6525595
dc.identifier.issn01636804
dc.identifier.journalIEEE Communications Magazine
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/562795
dc.publisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
dc.titleGreen heterogeneous small-cell networks: Toward reducing the CO2 emissions of mobile communications industry using uplink power adaptation
dc.typeArticle
display.details.left<span><h5>Type</h5>Article<br><br><h5>Authors</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.author=Shakir, Muhammad Zeeshan,equals">Shakir, Muhammad Zeeshan</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.author=Qaraqe, Khalid A.,equals">Qaraqe, Khalid A.</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.author=Tabassum, Hina,equals">Tabassum, Hina</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?query=orcid.id:0000-0003-4827-1793&spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC">Alouini, Mohamed-Slim</a> <a href="https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4827-1793" target="_blank"><img src="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/server/api/core/bitstreams/82a625b4-ed4b-40c8-865a-d6a5225a26a4/content" width="16" height="16"/></a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.author=Serpedin, Erchin,equals">Serpedin, Erchin</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.author=Imran, Muhammad Ali,equals">Imran, Muhammad Ali</a><br><br><h5>KAUST Department</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.department=Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division,equals">Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.department=Electrical Engineering Program,equals">Electrical Engineering Program</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.department=Communication Theory Lab,equals">Communication Theory Lab</a><br><br><h5>Date</h5>2013-06</span>
display.details.right<span><h5>Abstract</h5>Heterogeneous small cell networks, or Het- SNets, are considered as a standard part of future mobile networks in which multiple lowpower low-cost user deployed base stations complement the existing macrocell infrastructure. This article proposes an energy-efficient deployment of the cells where the small cell base stations are arranged around the edge of the reference macrocell, and the deployment is referred to as cell-on-edge (COE) deployment. The proposed deployment ensures an increase in the network spectral and energy efficiency by facilitating cell edge mobile users with small cells. Moreover, COE deployment guarantees reduction of the carbon footprint of mobile operations by employing adaptive uplink power control. In order to calibrate the reduction in CO2 emissions, this article quantifies the ecological and associated economical impacts of energy savings in the proposed deployment. Simulation results quantify the improvements in CO2 emissions and spectral and energy gains of the proposed COE deployment compared to macro-only networks and typical small cell deployment strategies where small cells are randomly deployed within a given macrocell. © 2013 IEEE.<br><br><h5>Citation</h5>Shakir, M. Z., Qaraqe, K. A., Tabassum, H., Alouini, M.-S., Serpedin, E., & Imran, M. A. (2013). Green heterogeneous small-cell networks: toward reducing the CO2 emissions of mobile communications industry using uplink power adaptation. IEEE Communications Magazine, 51(6), 52–61. doi:10.1109/mcom.2013.6525595<br><br><h5>Publisher</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.publisher=Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE),equals">Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)</a><br><br><h5>Journal</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.journal=IEEE Communications Magazine,equals">IEEE Communications Magazine</a><br><br><h5>DOI</h5><a href="https://doi.org/10.1109/MCOM.2013.6525595">10.1109/MCOM.2013.6525595</a></span>
kaust.personTabassum, Hina
kaust.personAlouini, Mohamed-Slim
orcid.authorShakir, Muhammad Zeeshan
orcid.authorQaraqe, Khalid A.
orcid.authorTabassum, Hina
orcid.authorAlouini, Mohamed-Slim::0000-0003-4827-1793
orcid.authorSerpedin, Erchin
orcid.authorImran, Muhammad Ali
orcid.id0000-0003-4827-1793
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