The conventional common-midpoint stack is not equivalent to the zero-offset section due to the existence of velocity uncertainty. To obtain a zero-offset reflection section that preserves most reflections and diffractions, we have developed a velocity-independent workflow for reconstructing a high-quality zero-offset reflection section from prestack data with a deblurring filter. This workflow constructs a migration image volume by prestack time migration using a series of constant-velocity models. A deblurring filter for each constant-velocity model is applied to each time-migration image to get a deblurred image volume. To preserve all events in the image volume, each deblurred image panel is demigrated and then summed over the velocity axis. Compared with the workflow without a deblurring filter, the composite zero-offset reflection section has higher resolution and fewer migration artifacts. We evaluate applications of our method to synthetic and field data to validate its effectiveness.
Feng, S., Yilmaz, O., Chen, Y., & Schuster, G. T. (2019). Zero-offset sections with a deblurring filter in the time domain. GEOPHYSICS, 84(4), S239–S249. doi:10.1190/geo2018-0239.1