Parsimonious refraction interferometry

We present parsimonious refraction interferometry where a densely populated refraction data set can be obtained from just two shot gathers. The assumptions are that the first arrivals are comprised of head waves and direct waves, and a pair of reciprocal shot gathers is recorded over the line of interest. The refraction traveltimes from these reciprocal shot gathers can be picked and decomposed into O(N2) refraction traveltimes generated by N virtual sources, where N is the number of geophones in the 2D survey. This enormous increase in the number of virtual traveltime picks and associated rays, compared to the 2N traveltimes from the two reciprocal shot gathers, allows for increased model resolution and better condition numbers in the normal equations. Also, a reciprocal survey is far less time consuming than a standard refraction survey with a dense distribution of sources.

Hanafy S, Schuster G (2016) Parsimonious refraction interferometry. SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts 2016. Available:

Society of Exploration Geophysicists

SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts 2016

Conference/Event Name
SEG International Exposition and 86th Annual Meeting, SEG 2016


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