Droop-free AlxGa1-xN/AlyGa1-yN quantum-disks-in-nanowires ultraviolet LED emitting at 337 nm on metal/silicon substrates

Abstract
Currently the AlGaN-based ultraviolet (UV) solid-state lighting research suffers from numerous challenges. In particular, low internal quantum efficiency, low extraction efficiency, inefficient doping, large polarization fields, and high dislocation density epitaxy constitute bottlenecks in realizing high power devices. Despite the clear advantage of quantum-confinement nanostructure, it has not been widely utilized in AlGaN-based nanowires. Here we utilize the self-assembled nanowires (NWs) with embedding quantum-disks (Qdisks) to mitigate these issues, and achieve UV emission of 337 nm at 32 A/cm (80 mA in 0.5 × 0.5 mm device), a turn-on voltage of ∼5.5 V and droop-free behavior up to 120 A/cm of injection current. The device was grown on a titanium-coated n-type silicon substrate, to improve current injection and heat dissipation. A narrow linewidth of 11.7 nm in the electroluminescence spectrum and a strong wavefunctions overlap factor of 42% confirm strong quantum confinement within uniformly formed AlGaN/AlGaN Qdisks, verified using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The nitride-based UV nanowires light-emitting diodes (NWs-LEDs) grown on low cost and scalable metal/silicon template substrate, offers a scalable, environment friendly and low cost solution for numerous applications, such as solid-state lighting, spectroscopy, medical science and security.

Citation
Janjua B, Sun H, Zhao C, Anjum DH, Priante D, et al. (2017) Droop-free Al_xGa_1-xN/Al_yGa_1-yN quantum-disks-in-nanowires ultraviolet LED emitting at 337 nm on metal/silicon substrates. Optics Express 25: 1381. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.25.001381.

Acknowledgements
King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST), Grant (No. KACST TIC R2-FP-008); King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) baseline funding, (BAS/1/1614-01-01, BAS/1/1664-01-01.

Publisher
The Optical Society

Journal
Optics Express

DOI
10.1364/OE.25.001381

Additional Links
https://www.osapublishing.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-25-2-1381

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