Face Super-Resolution Guided by Facial Component Heatmaps

Abstract
State-of-the-art face super-resolution methods leverage deep convolutional neural networks to learn a mapping between low-resolution (LR) facial patterns and their corresponding high-resolution (HR) counterparts by exploring local appearance information. However, most of these methods do not account for facial structure and suffer from degradations due to large pose variations and misalignments. In this paper, we propose a method that explicitly incorporates structural information of faces into the face super-resolution process by using a multi-task convolutional neural network (CNN). Our CNN has two branches: one for super-resolving face images and the other branch for predicting salient regions of a face coined facial component heatmaps. These heatmaps encourage the upsampling stream to generate super-resolved faces with higher-quality details. Our method not only uses low-level information (i.e., intensity similarity), but also middle-level information (i.e., face structure) to further explore spatial constraints of facial components from LR inputs images. Therefore, we are able to super-resolve very small unaligned face images (16×16pixels) with a large upscaling factor of 8 ×, while preserving face structure. Extensive experiments demonstrate that our network achieves superior face hallucination results and outperforms the state-of-the-art.

Citation
Yu X, Fernando B, Ghanem B, Porikli F, Hartley R (2018) Face Super-Resolution Guided by Facial Component Heatmaps. Lecture Notes in Computer Science: 219–235. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-01240-3_14.

Acknowledgements
This work was supported by Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Robotic Vision (project number CE140100016), the Australian Research Council‘s Discovery Projects funding scheme (project DP150104645) and the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Office of Sponsored Research.

Publisher
Springer Nature

Journal
Lecture Notes in Computer Science

Conference/Event Name
15th European Conference on Computer Vision, ECCV 2018

DOI
10.1007/978-3-030-01240-3_14

Additional Links
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-030-01240-3_14

Permanent link to this record