Modeling of Water Generation from Air Using Anhydrous Salts

The atmosphere contains 3400 trillion gallons of water vapor, which would be enough to cover the entire Earth with a one-inch layer of water. As air humidity is available everywhere, it acts as an abundant renewable water reservoir, known as atmospheric water. The efficiency of an atmospheric water harvesting system depends on the sorption capacities of water-based absorption materials. Using anhydrous salts is an efficient process in capturing and delivering water from ambient air, especially under a condition of low relative humidity, as low as 15%. Many water-scarce countries, like Saudi Arabia, receive high annual solar radiation and have relatively high humidity levels. This study is focused on the simulation and modeling of the water absorption capacities of three anhydrous salts under different relative humidity environments: copper chloride (CuCl2), copper sulfate (CuSO4), and magnesium sulfate (MgSO4), to produce atmospheric drinking water in water-scarce regions. By using a mathematical model to simulate water absorption, this study attempts to compare and model the results of the current computed model with the laboratory experimental results under static and dynamic relative humidities. This paper also proposes a prototype of a system to produce atmospheric water using these anhydrous salts. A sensitivity analysis was also undertaken on these three selected salts to determine how the uniformity of their stratified structures, thicknesses, and porosities as applied in the mathematical model influence the results.

Sibie, S. K., El-Amin, M. F., & Sun, S. (2021). Modeling of Water Generation from Air Using Anhydrous Salts. Energies, 14(13), 3822. doi:10.3390/en14133822

This research received no external funding.




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