Data-Driven, Direct Rock-Physics Inversion of Pre-Stack Seismic Data

Abstract
The inversion of petrophysical parameters from seismic data represents a fundamental step in the reservoir characterization framework. However, the non-linearity of the rock-physics models that relate petrophysical properties to seismic pre-stack amplitudes makes such an inversion challenging. We propose a hybrid approach, where data-driven basis functions are learned from well-logs to directly link band-limited petrophysical reflectivities to pre-stack seismic data. Petrophysical parameters are subsequently obtained by means of regularized post-stack seismic inversion. By performing two modeling steps at training time and a single inversion step at inference time, our method aims to be more efficient and robust than conventional two-step inversion workflows. The proposed method is tested on a synthetic dataset from the Smeaheia reservoir model. Numerical results show that porosity is the best-inverted rock property, followed by water saturation and clay content. Moreover, the method is shown to be also applicable in the context of reservoir monitoring to invert time-lapse, pre-stack seismic data for water saturation changes.

Citation
Corrales, M., Ravasi, M., & Hoteit, H. (2022). Data-Driven, Direct Rock-Physics Inversion of Pre-Stack Seismic Data. 83rd EAGE Annual Conference & Exhibition. https://doi.org/10.3997/2214-4609.202210178

Publisher
European Association of Geoscientists & Engineers

Conference/Event Name
83rd EAGE Annual Conference & Exhibition

DOI
10.3997/2214-4609.202210178

Additional Links
https://www.earthdoc.org/content/papers/10.3997/2214-4609.202210178

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