On the performance of diagonal lattice space-time codes

Abstract
There has been tremendous work done on designing space-time codes for the quasi-static multiple-input multiple output (MIMO) channel. All the coding design up-to-date focuses on either high-performance, high rates, low complexity encoding and decoding, or targeting a combination of these criteria [1]-[9]. In this paper, we analyze in details the performance limits of diagonal lattice space-time codes under lattice decoding. We present both lower and upper bounds on the average decoding error probability. We first derive a new closed-form expression for the lower bound using the so-called sphere lower bound. This bound presents the ultimate performance limit a diagonal lattice space-time code can achieve at any signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). The upper bound is then derived using the union-bound which demonstrates how the average error probability can be minimized by maximizing the minimum product distance of the code. Combining both the lower and the upper bounds on the average error probability yields a simple upper bound on the the minimum product distance that any (complex) lattice code can achieve. At high-SNR regime, we discuss the outage performance of such codes and provide the achievable diversity-multiplexing tradeoff under lattice decoding. © 2013 IEEE.

Citation
Abediseid, W., & Alouini, M.-S. (2013). On the Performance of Diagonal Lattice Space-Time Codes. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 12(11), 5717–5727. doi:10.1109/twc.2013.092413.130034

Acknowledgements
This paper was funded in part by a grant from King Abdulaziz City of Science and Technology.

Publisher
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

Journal
IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications

DOI
10.1109/TWC.2013.092413.130034

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