Magnetic Skyrmions Above Room Temperature in A Van Der Waals Ferromagnet Fe3GaTe2

Abstract
Two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals (vdW) ferromagnetic crystals are a promising platform for innovative spintronic devices based on magnetic skyrmions, thanks to their high flexibility and atomic thickness stability. However, room-temperature skyrmion-hosting vdW materials are scarce, which poses a challenge for practical applications. In this study, we employed a chemical vapor transport (CVT) approach to synthesize Fe3GaTe2 crystals and observed room-temperature Néel skyrmions in Fe3GaTe2 nanoflakes above 58 nm in thickness through in-situ Lorentz transmission electron microscopy (L-TEM). Upon an optimized field cooling procedure, zero-field hexagonal skyrmion lattices were successfully generated in nanoflakes with an extended thickness range (30-180 nm). Significantly, these skyrmion lattices remain stable up to 355 K, setting a new record for the highest temperature at which skyrmions can be hosted. Our research established Fe3GaTe2 as an emerging above-room-temperature skyrmion-hosting vdW material, holding great promise for future spintronics.

Acknowledgements
This work was financially supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Office of Sponsored Research (OSR) under Award Nos. ORFS-2022-CRG11-5031 and ORFS-2021- CRG10-4665. S.F.Z. acknowledges support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 12104197).

Publisher
Wiley

Journal
Advanced Materials

DOI
10.1002/adma.202311022

Additional Links
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/adma.202311022