In future wireless systems, a large number of users may access the networks via moving relays (MRs) installed on top of vehicles. One of the main challenges of MRs is rapid channel variation, which may make channel estimation and its following procedures difficult. To address these issues, various schemes are designed, among which the predictor antenna (PA) is a candidate. The PA setup refers to a system with two (sets of) antennas on top of a vehicle, where the PA(s) positioned in front of the vehicle is (are) utilized to predict the channel state information required for data transmission to the receive antennas aligned behind the PA. In this article, we introduce the concept and the potential of PA systems. Moreover, summarizing the field trials for PAs and the 3GPP attempts on (moving) relays, we compare the performance of different PA and non-PA methods for vehicle communications in both urban and rural areas with the PA setup backhauled through terrestrial or satellite technology, respectively. As we show, with typical parameter settings and vehicle speeds, a single-antenna PA-assisted setup can boost the backhaul throughput of MRs, compared to state-of-the-art open-loop schemes, by up to 50 percent.
Guo, H., Makki, B., Phan-Huy, D.-T., Dahlman, E., Alouini, M.-S., & Svensson, T. (2021). Predictor Antenna: A Technique to Boost the Performance of Moving Relays. IEEE Communications Magazine, 59(7), 80–86. doi:10.1109/mcom.001.2001205
This work was supported in part by VINNOVA (Swedish Government Agency for Innovation Systems) within the VINN Excellence Center ChaseOn. We thank Yigeng Zhang from the University of Houston for help with the illustrations.