Oil-Water Separation using Membranes Manufactured from Cellulose / Ionic Liquid Solutions

Abstract
Membrane processes are currently essential for seawater desalination and their implementation in sustainable separations in the chemical industry is rapidly growing. The sustainability of the membrane manufacture itself has been however frequently questioned and needs to be improved. Ionic liquids are promising alternative solvent for membrane manufacture. We discuss general aspects of toxicity and recyclability compared to common organic solvents and take advantage of their unique capability of dissolution of polymers like cellulose, a natural and biodegradable polymer. Cellulose membranes were prepared from solutions in 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate as flat-sheet and hollow fibers. The membranes performances were evaluated for oil and water separation, analyzing the influence of anionic, cationic and neutral surfactants added to emulsions with different oil content.

Citation
Kim D, Livazovic S, Falca G, Nunes SP (2018) Oil-Water Separation using Membranes Manufactured from Cellulose / Ionic Liquid Solutions. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b04038.

Acknowledgements
This work was sponsored by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). The authors thank the Water Desalination and Reuse Center for the grants URF/1/1971-32-599 01 and URF/1/1971-33-01.

Publisher
American Chemical Society (ACS)

Journal
ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering

DOI
10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b04038

Additional Links
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b04038

Permanent link to this record