Long term hydrogen production potential of concentrated photovoltaic (CPV) system in tropical weather of Singapore

dc.contributor.authorBurhan, Muhammad
dc.contributor.authorChua, Kian Jon Ernest
dc.contributor.authorNg, Kim Choon
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science and Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
dc.contributor.institutionMechanical Engineering Department, National University of Singapore, Singapore
dc.date.accessioned2017-01-02T09:08:25Z
dc.date.available2017-01-02T09:08:25Z
dc.date.issued2016-08-23
dc.date.published-online2016-08-23
dc.date.published-print2016-10
dc.description.abstractConcentrated photovoltaic (CPV) system provides highest solar energy conversion efficiency among all the photovoltaic technologies and provides the most suitable option to convert solar energy into hydrogen, as future sustainable energy carrier. So far, only conventional flat plate PV systems are being used for almost all of the commercial applications. However, most of the studies have only shown the maximum efficiency of hydrogen production using CPV. In actual field conditions, the performance of CPV-Hydrogen system is affected by many parameter and it changes continuously during whole day operation. In this paper, the daily average and long term performances are proposed to analyze the real field potential of the CPV-Hydrogen system, which is of main interest for designers and consumers. An experimental setup is developed and a performance model is proposed to investigate the average and long term production potential of CPV-Hydrogen system. The study is carried out in tropical weather of Singapore. The maximum CPV efficiency of 27-28% and solar to hydrogen (STH) efficiency of 18%, were recorded. In addition, the CPV-Hydrogen system showed the long term average efficiency of 15.5%, for period of one year (12-months), with electrolyser rating of 47 kWh/kg and STH production potential of 218 kWh/kg. Based upon the DNI availability, the system showed hydrogen production potential of 0.153-0.553 kg/m/month, with average production of 0.43 kg/m/month. However, CPV-Hydrogen system has shown annual hydrogen production potential of 5.162 kg/m/year in tropical weather of Singapore.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by the International Research Scholarship of Mechanical Engineering Department, National University of Singapore.
dc.identifier.citationBurhan M, Chua KJE, Ng KC (2016) Long term hydrogen production potential of concentrated photovoltaic (CPV) system in tropical weather of Singapore. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 41: 16729–16742. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.07.183.
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.07.183
dc.identifier.issn0360-3199
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/622309
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.subjectConcentrated photovoltaic
dc.subjectCPV
dc.subjectHydrogen
dc.subjectSingapore
dc.subjectSolar energy
dc.subjectSolar hydrogen
dc.titleLong term hydrogen production potential of concentrated photovoltaic (CPV) system in tropical weather of Singapore
dc.typeArticle
display.details.left<span><h5>Type</h5>Article<br><br><h5>Authors</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.author=Burhan, Muhammad,equals">Burhan, Muhammad</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.author=Chua, Kian Jon Ernest,equals">Chua, Kian Jon Ernest</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?query=orcid.id:0000-0003-3930-4127&spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC">Ng, Kim Choon</a> <a href="https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3930-4127" target="_blank"><img src="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/server/api/core/bitstreams/82a625b4-ed4b-40c8-865a-d6a5225a26a4/content" width="16" height="16"/></a><br><br><h5>KAUST Department</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.department=Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division,equals">Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.department=Environmental Science and Engineering Program,equals">Environmental Science and Engineering Program</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.department=Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC),equals">Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)</a><br><br><h5>Online Publication Date</h5>2016-08-23<br><br><h5>Print Publication Date</h5>2016-10<br><br><h5>Date</h5>2016-08-23</span>
display.details.right<span><h5>Abstract</h5>Concentrated photovoltaic (CPV) system provides highest solar energy conversion efficiency among all the photovoltaic technologies and provides the most suitable option to convert solar energy into hydrogen, as future sustainable energy carrier. So far, only conventional flat plate PV systems are being used for almost all of the commercial applications. However, most of the studies have only shown the maximum efficiency of hydrogen production using CPV. In actual field conditions, the performance of CPV-Hydrogen system is affected by many parameter and it changes continuously during whole day operation. In this paper, the daily average and long term performances are proposed to analyze the real field potential of the CPV-Hydrogen system, which is of main interest for designers and consumers. An experimental setup is developed and a performance model is proposed to investigate the average and long term production potential of CPV-Hydrogen system. The study is carried out in tropical weather of Singapore. The maximum CPV efficiency of 27-28% and solar to hydrogen (STH) efficiency of 18%, were recorded. In addition, the CPV-Hydrogen system showed the long term average efficiency of 15.5%, for period of one year (12-months), with electrolyser rating of 47 kWh/kg and STH production potential of 218 kWh/kg. Based upon the DNI availability, the system showed hydrogen production potential of 0.153-0.553 kg/m/month, with average production of 0.43 kg/m/month. However, CPV-Hydrogen system has shown annual hydrogen production potential of 5.162 kg/m/year in tropical weather of Singapore.<br><br><h5>Citation</h5>Burhan M, Chua KJE, Ng KC (2016) Long term hydrogen production potential of concentrated photovoltaic (CPV) system in tropical weather of Singapore. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 41: 16729–16742. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.07.183.<br><br><h5>Acknowledgements</h5>This research was supported by the International Research Scholarship of Mechanical Engineering Department, National University of Singapore.<br><br><h5>Publisher</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.publisher=Elsevier BV,equals">Elsevier BV</a><br><br><h5>Journal</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.journal=International Journal of Hydrogen Energy,equals">International Journal of Hydrogen Energy</a><br><br><h5>DOI</h5><a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.07.183">10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.07.183</a></span>
kaust.personBurhan, Muhammad
kaust.personNg, Kim Choon
orcid.authorBurhan, Muhammad
orcid.authorChua, Kian Jon Ernest
orcid.authorNg, Kim Choon::0000-0003-3930-4127
orcid.id0000-0003-3930-4127
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