Solar to hydrogen: Compact and cost effective CPV field for rooftop operation and hydrogen production

dc.contributor.authorBurhan, Muhammad
dc.contributor.authorOh, Seung Jin
dc.contributor.authorChua, Kian Jon Ernest
dc.contributor.authorNg, Kim Choon
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
dc.contributor.institutionMechanical Engineering Department, National University of Singapore, Singapore
dc.date.accessioned2017-01-02T08:42:40Z
dc.date.available2017-01-02T08:42:40Z
dc.date.issued2016-11-25
dc.date.published-online2016-11-25
dc.date.published-print2017-05
dc.description.abstractCurrent commercial CPV systems are designed as large units which are targeted to be installed in open desert fields with high DNI availability. It appeared that the CPV is among some of those technologies which gained very little attention of people, with less customers and market. For conventional PV systems, the installations at the rooftop of commercial and residential buildings have a significant share in the total installed capacity of PV systems. That is why for most of the countries, the PV installations at the rooftop of commercial and residential buildings are aimed to be increased to half of total installed PV. On the other hand, there is no commercial CPV system available to be suitable for rooftop operation, giving motivation for the development of CPV field of compact systems. This paper discusses the development of a CPV field for the rooftop operation, comprising of compact CPV system with cost effective but highly accurate solar tracking sensor and wireless master slave control. In addition, the performance of the developed CPV systems is evaluated for production of hydrogen, which can be used as energy carrier or energy storage and a maximum solar to hydrogen efficiency of 18% is obtained. However, due to dynamic nature of the weather data and throughout the day variations in the performance of CPV and electrolyser, the solar to hydrogen performance is proposed to be reported as daily and long term average efficiency. The CPV-Hydrogen system showed daily average conversion efficiency of 15%, with solar to hydrogen production rate of 218 kW h/kg.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by the International Research Scholarship of Mechanical Engineering Department, National University of Singapore and the project was collaborated with the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia.
dc.identifier.citationBurhan M, Oh SJ, Chua KJE, Ng KC (2016) Solar to hydrogen: Compact and cost effective CPV field for rooftop operation and hydrogen production. Applied Energy. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.11.062.
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.11.062
dc.identifier.issn0306-2619
dc.identifier.journalApplied Energy
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/622250
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306261916316476
dc.subjectCPV
dc.subjectSolar tracker
dc.subjectConcentrated photovoltaic
dc.subjectHydrogen
dc.subjectSolar to hydrogen
dc.titleSolar to hydrogen: Compact and cost effective CPV field for rooftop operation and hydrogen production
dc.typeArticle
display.details.left<span><h5>Type</h5>Article<br><br><h5>Authors</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.author=Burhan, Muhammad,equals">Burhan, Muhammad</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.author=Oh, Seung Jin,equals">Oh, Seung Jin</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.author=Chua, Kian Jon Ernest,equals">Chua, Kian Jon Ernest</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?query=orcid.id:0000-0003-3930-4127&spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC">Ng, Kim Choon</a> <a href="https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3930-4127" target="_blank"><img src="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/server/api/core/bitstreams/82a625b4-ed4b-40c8-865a-d6a5225a26a4/content" width="16" height="16"/></a><br><br><h5>KAUST Department</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.department=Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC),equals">Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)</a><br><br><h5>Online Publication Date</h5>2016-11-25<br><br><h5>Print Publication Date</h5>2017-05<br><br><h5>Date</h5>2016-11-25</span>
display.details.right<span><h5>Abstract</h5>Current commercial CPV systems are designed as large units which are targeted to be installed in open desert fields with high DNI availability. It appeared that the CPV is among some of those technologies which gained very little attention of people, with less customers and market. For conventional PV systems, the installations at the rooftop of commercial and residential buildings have a significant share in the total installed capacity of PV systems. That is why for most of the countries, the PV installations at the rooftop of commercial and residential buildings are aimed to be increased to half of total installed PV. On the other hand, there is no commercial CPV system available to be suitable for rooftop operation, giving motivation for the development of CPV field of compact systems. This paper discusses the development of a CPV field for the rooftop operation, comprising of compact CPV system with cost effective but highly accurate solar tracking sensor and wireless master slave control. In addition, the performance of the developed CPV systems is evaluated for production of hydrogen, which can be used as energy carrier or energy storage and a maximum solar to hydrogen efficiency of 18% is obtained. However, due to dynamic nature of the weather data and throughout the day variations in the performance of CPV and electrolyser, the solar to hydrogen performance is proposed to be reported as daily and long term average efficiency. The CPV-Hydrogen system showed daily average conversion efficiency of 15%, with solar to hydrogen production rate of 218 kW h/kg.<br><br><h5>Citation</h5>Burhan M, Oh SJ, Chua KJE, Ng KC (2016) Solar to hydrogen: Compact and cost effective CPV field for rooftop operation and hydrogen production. Applied Energy. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.11.062.<br><br><h5>Acknowledgements</h5>This research was supported by the International Research Scholarship of Mechanical Engineering Department, National University of Singapore and the project was collaborated with the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia.<br><br><h5>Publisher</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.publisher=Elsevier BV,equals">Elsevier BV</a><br><br><h5>Journal</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.journal=Applied Energy,equals">Applied Energy</a><br><br><h5>DOI</h5><a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.11.062">10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.11.062</a><br><br><h5>Additional Links</h5>http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306261916316476</span>
kaust.personBurhan, Muhammad
orcid.authorBurhan, Muhammad
orcid.authorOh, Seung Jin
orcid.authorChua, Kian Jon Ernest
orcid.authorNg, Kim Choon::0000-0003-3930-4127
orcid.id0000-0003-3930-4127
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