Thickness-Dependent Gilbert Damping and Soft Magnetism in Metal/Co-Fe-B/Metal Sandwich Structure

Abstract
The achievement of the low Gilbert damping parameter in spin dynamic modulation is attractive for spintronic devices with low energy consumption and high speed. Metallic ferromagnetic alloy Co-Fe-B is a possible candidate due to its high compatibility with spintronic technologies. Here, we report thickness-dependent damping and soft magnetism in Co-Fe-B films sandwiched between two non-magnetic layers with Co-Fe-B films up to 50 nm thick. A non-monotonic variation of Co-Fe-B film damping with thickness is observed, which is in contrast to previously reported monotonic trends. The minimum damping and the corresponding Co-Fe-B thickness vary significantly among the different non-magnetic layer series, indicating that the structure selection significantly alters the relative contributions of various damping mechanisms. Thus, we developed a quantitative method to distinguish intrinsic from extrinsic damping via ferromagnetic resonance measurements of thickness-dependent damping rather than the traditional numerical calculation method. By separating extrinsic and intrinsic damping, each mechanism affecting the total damping of Co-Fe-B films in sandwich structures is analyzed in detail. Our findings have revealed that the thickness-dependent damping measurement is an effective tool for quantitatively investigating different damping mechanisms. This investigation provides an understanding of underlying mechanisms and opens up avenues for achieving low damping in Co-Fe-B alloy film, which is beneficial for the applications in spintronic devices design and optimization.

Acknowledgements
This work is supported by the National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (Grant Nos. 11504327 and 12074429), major program of the Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province (LD22F050003), in part by the Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant LZ23A020002, and by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Office of Sponsored Research (OSR) under Award Nos. ORA-CRG8-2019-4081 and ORA-CRG10-2021-4665.

Publisher
MDPI AG

Journal
Nanomaterials

DOI
10.3390/nano14070596

Additional Links
https://www.mdpi.com/2079-4991/14/7/596