Towards sustainable circular brine reclamation using seawater reverse osmosis, membrane distillation and forward osmosis hybrids: An experimental investigation

dc.contributor.authorSon, Hyuk Soo
dc.contributor.authorSoukane, Sofiane
dc.contributor.authorLee, Junggil
dc.contributor.authorKim,Youngjin
dc.contributor.authorKim, Young-Deuk
dc.contributor.authorGhaffour, NorEddine
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Science and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science and Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
dc.contributor.institutionThermal & Fluid System R&D Group, Korea Institute of Industrial Technology, 89 Yangdaegiro-gil, Ipjang-myeon, Seobuk-gu, Cheonan, 331-822, Republic of Korea.
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Environmental Engineering, Korea University, 2511, Sejong-ro, Sejong-si, Republic of Korea.
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Hanyang University, 55 Hanyangdaehak-ro, Sangnok-gu, Ansan, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea.
dc.contributor.institutionBK21 FOUR ERICA-ACE Center, Hanyang University, 55 Hanyangdaehak-ro, Sangnok-gu, Ansan, Gyeonggi-do, 15588, Republic of Korea.
dc.date.accepted2021-05-17
dc.date.accessioned2021-05-31T06:40:02Z
dc.date.available2021-05-31T06:40:02Z
dc.date.issued2021-05-27
dc.date.published-online2021-05-27
dc.date.published-print2021-09
dc.date.submitted2020-11-24
dc.description.abstractDesalination and wastewater treatment technologies require an effective solution for brine management to ensure environmental sustainability, which is closely linked with efficient process operations, reduction of chemical dosages, and valorization of brines. Within the scope of desalination brine reclamation, a circular system consisting of seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO), membrane distillation (MD), and forward osmosis (FO) three-process hybrid is investigated. The proposed design increases water recovery from SWRO brine (by MD) and dilutes concentrated brine to seawater level (by FO) for SWRO feed. It ultimately reduces SWRO process brine disposal and improves crystallization efficiency for a zero-liquid discharge application. The operating range of the hybrid system is indicated by a seawater volumetric concentration factor (VCF) ranging from 1.0 to 2.2, which covers practical and sustainable operation in full-scale applications. Within the proposed VCF range, different operating conditions of the MD and FO processes were evaluated in series with concentrated seawater as well as real SWRO brine from a full-scale desalination plant. Water quality and membrane surface were analyzed before and after experiments to assess the impact of the SWRO brine. Despite their low concentration (0.13 mg/L as phosphorous), antiscalants present in SWRO brine alleviated the flux decline in MD operations by 68.3% compared to operations using seawater concentrate, while no significant influence was observed on the FO process. A full spectrum of water quality analysis of real SWRO brine and Red Sea water is made available for future SWRO brine reclamation studies. The operating conditions and experimental results have shown the potential of the SWRO-MD-FO hybrid system for a circular brine reclamation.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe research reported in this paper was supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia. The authors acknowledge the help, assistance, and support from the Water Desalination and Reuse Center (WDRC) staff.
dc.eprint.versionPost-print
dc.identifier.citationSon, H. S., Soukane, S., Lee, J., Kim, Y., Kim, Y.-D., & Ghaffour, N. (2021). Towards sustainable circular brine reclamation using seawater reverse osmosis, membrane distillation and forward osmosis hybrids: An experimental investigation. Journal of Environmental Management, 293, 112836. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.112836
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.112836
dc.identifier.issn0301-4797
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Environmental Management
dc.identifier.pages112836
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/669297
dc.identifier.volume293
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.relation.urlhttps://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0301479721008987
dc.rightsNOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Environmental Management. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Environmental Management, [293, , (2021-05-27)] DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.112836 . © 2021. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.rights.embargodate2022-05-27
dc.titleTowards sustainable circular brine reclamation using seawater reverse osmosis, membrane distillation and forward osmosis hybrids: An experimental investigation
dc.typeArticle
display.details.left<span><h5>Embargo End Date</h5>2022-05-27<br><br><h5>Type</h5>Article<br><br><h5>Authors</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?query=orcid.id:0000-0002-7999-409X&spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC">Son, Hyuk Soo</a> <a href="https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7999-409X" target="_blank"><img src="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/server/api/core/bitstreams/82a625b4-ed4b-40c8-865a-d6a5225a26a4/content" width="16" height="16"/></a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?query=orcid.id:0000-0003-0087-0500&spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC">Soukane, Sofiane</a> <a href="https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0087-0500" target="_blank"><img src="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/server/api/core/bitstreams/82a625b4-ed4b-40c8-865a-d6a5225a26a4/content" width="16" height="16"/></a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.author=Lee, Junggil,equals">Lee, Junggil</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.author=Kim,Youngjin,equals">Kim,Youngjin</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.author=Kim, Young-Deuk,equals">Kim, Young-Deuk</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?query=orcid.id:0000-0003-2095-4736&spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC">Ghaffour, NorEddine</a> <a href="https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2095-4736" target="_blank"><img src="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/server/api/core/bitstreams/82a625b4-ed4b-40c8-865a-d6a5225a26a4/content" width="16" height="16"/></a><br><br><h5>KAUST Department</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.department=Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering (BESE) Division,equals">Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering (BESE) Division</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.department=Environmental Science and Engineering Program,equals">Environmental Science and Engineering Program</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.department=Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC),equals">Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)</a><br><br><h5>Online Publication Date</h5>2021-05-27<br><br><h5>Print Publication Date</h5>2021-09<br><br><h5>Date</h5>2021-05-27<br><br><h5>Submitted Date</h5>2020-11-24</span>
display.details.right<span><h5>Abstract</h5>Desalination and wastewater treatment technologies require an effective solution for brine management to ensure environmental sustainability, which is closely linked with efficient process operations, reduction of chemical dosages, and valorization of brines. Within the scope of desalination brine reclamation, a circular system consisting of seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO), membrane distillation (MD), and forward osmosis (FO) three-process hybrid is investigated. The proposed design increases water recovery from SWRO brine (by MD) and dilutes concentrated brine to seawater level (by FO) for SWRO feed. It ultimately reduces SWRO process brine disposal and improves crystallization efficiency for a zero-liquid discharge application. The operating range of the hybrid system is indicated by a seawater volumetric concentration factor (VCF) ranging from 1.0 to 2.2, which covers practical and sustainable operation in full-scale applications. Within the proposed VCF range, different operating conditions of the MD and FO processes were evaluated in series with concentrated seawater as well as real SWRO brine from a full-scale desalination plant. Water quality and membrane surface were analyzed before and after experiments to assess the impact of the SWRO brine. Despite their low concentration (0.13 mg/L as phosphorous), antiscalants present in SWRO brine alleviated the flux decline in MD operations by 68.3% compared to operations using seawater concentrate, while no significant influence was observed on the FO process. A full spectrum of water quality analysis of real SWRO brine and Red Sea water is made available for future SWRO brine reclamation studies. The operating conditions and experimental results have shown the potential of the SWRO-MD-FO hybrid system for a circular brine reclamation.<br><br><h5>Citation</h5>Son, H. S., Soukane, S., Lee, J., Kim, Y., Kim, Y.-D., & Ghaffour, N. (2021). Towards sustainable circular brine reclamation using seawater reverse osmosis, membrane distillation and forward osmosis hybrids: An experimental investigation. Journal of Environmental Management, 293, 112836. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.112836<br><br><h5>Acknowledgements</h5>The research reported in this paper was supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia. The authors acknowledge the help, assistance, and support from the Water Desalination and Reuse Center (WDRC) staff.<br><br><h5>Publisher</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.publisher=Elsevier BV,equals">Elsevier BV</a><br><br><h5>Journal</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.journal=Journal of Environmental Management,equals">Journal of Environmental Management</a><br><br><h5>DOI</h5><a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.112836">10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.112836</a><br><br><h5>Additional Links</h5>https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0301479721008987</span>
kaust.acknowledged.supportUnitWater Desalination and Reuse Center (WDRC)
kaust.personSon, Hyuk Soo
kaust.personSoukane, Sofiane
kaust.personGhaffour, Noreddine
orcid.authorSon, Hyuk Soo::0000-0002-7999-409X
orcid.authorSoukane, Sofiane::0000-0003-0087-0500
orcid.authorLee, Junggil
orcid.authorKim,Youngjin
orcid.authorKim, Young-Deuk
orcid.authorGhaffour, NorEddine::0000-0003-2095-4736
orcid.id0000-0003-2095-4736
orcid.id0000-0003-0087-0500
orcid.id0000-0002-7999-409X
refterms.dateFOA2021-05-31T08:20:14Z
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