Cost analysis of multiple effect evaporation and membrane distillation hybrid desalination system

Embargo End Date
2023-07-26

Type
Article

Authors
Ali, Emad
Orfi, Jamel
AlAnsary, Hany
Soukane, Sofiane
Elcik, Harun
Alpatova, Alla
Ghaffour, NorEddine

KAUST Department
Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering (BESE) Division
Environmental Science and Engineering Program
Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)

KAUST Grant Number
REP/1/3805-01-01

Online Publication Date
2021-07-26

Print Publication Date
2021-12

Date
2021-07-26

Submitted Date
2021-05-10

Abstract
This work addresses the feasibility of a previously proposed hybrid desalination system comprising multiple effect evaporation (MEE) and membrane distillation (MD) processes. The feasibility study introduced here focuses on the impact of the hybridization of two separate processes on desalination plant economics. The water cost of the hybrid system is found to be 2.05 $/m3, which compares well with previously reported values and is 17% lower than that of standalone MEE system. The sensitivity of the water production cost to the MD feed flow rate indicated the existence of an optimal cost at a single-pass feed flow rate of 900 L/h. In addition, the sensitivity of the water cost with respect to the MD unit cost indicated a 0.0084 $/m3 change in water production cost for every unit change in the MD module cost. A modified structure of the hybrid system that leverages the thermal energy of all MEE effluents has also been suggested. With this system, the overall water recovery ratio can reach as high as 52% and the water cost can further be reduced to 1.84 $/m3.

Citation
Ali, E., Orfi, J., AlAnsary, H., Soukane, S., Elcik, H., Alpatova, A., & Ghaffour, N. (2021). Cost analysis of multiple effect evaporation and membrane distillation hybrid desalination system. Desalination, 517, 115258. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2021.115258

Acknowledgements
This research reported in this paper was supported by the King Saud University – King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KSU-KAUST), Saudi Arabia, collaboration agreement, under project funding # RG-1440-103 (KSU), and REP/1/3805-01-01 (KAUST). Emad Ali: Methodology, Software, Writing - Original Draft. Jamel Orfi: Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Writing – review & editing. Hany AlAnsary: Project administration, Funding acquisition. Sofiane Soukane: Investigation, Formal analysis. Harun Elcik: Resources, Visulaization. Alla Alpatova: Data curtain, Writing – review & editing. Noreddine Ghaffour: Supervision, Project administration, Writing – review & editing.

Publisher
Elsevier BV

Journal
Desalination

DOI
10.1016/j.desal.2021.115258

Additional Links
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0011916421003295

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