Opportunistic Network Coding-Assisted Cloud Offloading in Heterogeneous Fog Radio Access Networks

Type
Article

Authors
Shnaiwer, Yousef N.
Sorour, Sameh
Al-Naffouri, Tareq Y.
Al-Ghadhban, Samir N.

KAUST Department
Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
Electrical Engineering Program

KAUST Grant Number
OSR-2016-KKI-2899
KAUST-002

Online Publication Date
2019-04-29

Print Publication Date
2019

Date
2019-04-29

Abstract
Caching and cloud control are new technologies that were suggested to improve the performance of future wireless networks. Fog radio access networks (F-RANs) have been recently proposed to further improve the throughput of future cellular networks by exploiting these two technologies. In this paper, we study the cloud offloading gains achieved by utilizing F-RANs that admit enhanced remote radio heads (eRRHs) with heterogeneous wireless technologies, namely, LTE and WiFi. This F-RAN architecture thus allows widely proliferating smart phone devices to receive two packets simultaneously from their in-built LTE and WiFi interfaces. We first formulate the general cloud base station (CBS) offloading problem as an optimization problem over a dual conflict graph, which is proven to be intractable. Thus, we formulate an online version of the CBS offloading problem in heterogeneous F-RANs as a weighted graph coloring problem and show it is NP-hard. We then devise a novel opportunistic network coding (ONC)-assisted heuristic solution to this problem, which divides it into two subproblems and solves each subproblem independently. We derive lower bounds on the online and aggregate CBS offloading performances of our proposed scheme and analyze its complexity. The simulations quantify the gains achieved by our proposed heterogeneous F-RAN solution compared with the traditional homogeneous F-RAN scheme and the derived lower bounds in terms of both CBS offloading and throughput.

Citation
Shnaiwer YN, Sorour S, Al-Naffouri TY, Al-Ghadhban SN (2019) Opportunistic Network Coding-Assisted Cloud Offloading in Heterogeneous Fog Radio Access Networks. IEEE Access 7: 56147–56162. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/access.2019.2913860.

Acknowledgements
This work was supported in part by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)’s Office of Sponsored Research under Award OSR-2016-KKI-2899, and in part by the King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM)’s Deanship of Scientific Research under Project KAUST-002.

Publisher
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

Journal
IEEE Access

DOI
10.1109/access.2019.2913860

Additional Links
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8701695

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