Monsoon oscillations regulate fertility of the Red Sea

dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)
dc.contributor.authorRaitsos, Dionysios E.
dc.contributor.authorYi, Xing
dc.contributor.authorPlatt, Trevor
dc.contributor.authorRacault, Marie-Fanny
dc.contributor.authorBrewin, Robert J. W.
dc.contributor.authorPradhan, Yaswant
dc.contributor.authorPapadopoulos, Vassilis P.
dc.contributor.authorSathyendranath, Shubha
dc.contributor.authorHoteit, Ibrahim
dc.contributor.departmentEarth Fluid Modeling and Prediction Group
dc.contributor.departmentEarth Science and Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
dc.contributor.institutionPlymouth Marine Laboratory; Plymouth UK
dc.contributor.institutionPlymouth Marine Laboratory; Plymouth UK
dc.contributor.institutionPlymouth Marine Laboratory; Plymouth UK
dc.contributor.institutionPlymouth Marine Laboratory; Plymouth UK
dc.contributor.institutionMet Office; Exeter UK
dc.contributor.institutionHellenic Centre for Marine Research; Anavissos Greece
dc.contributor.institutionPlymouth Marine Laboratory; Plymouth UK
dc.date.accessioned2015-03-23T11:14:03Z
dc.date.available2015-03-23T11:14:03Z
dc.date.issued2015-02-12
dc.date.published-online2015-02-12
dc.date.published-print2015-02-16
dc.description.abstractTropical ocean ecosystems are predicted to become warmer, more saline, and less fertile in a future Earth. The Red Sea, one of the warmest and most saline environments in the world, may afford insights into the function of the tropical ocean ecosystem in a changing planet. We show that the concentration of chlorophyll and the duration of the phytoplankton growing season in the Red Sea are controlled by the strength of the winter Arabian monsoon (through horizontal advection of fertile waters from the Indian Ocean). Furthermore, and contrary to expectation, in the last decade (1998-2010) the winter Red Sea phytoplankton biomass has increased by 75% during prolonged positive phases of the Multivariate El Niño-Southern Oscillation Index. A new mechanism is reported, revealing the synergy of monsoon and climate in regulating Red Sea greenness. © 2015 The Authors.
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.identifier.citationMonsoon oscillations regulate fertility of the Red Sea 2015, 42 (3):855 Geophysical Research Letters
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/2014GL062882
dc.identifier.issn00948276
dc.identifier.journalGeophysical Research Letters
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/347005
dc.publisherAmerican Geophysical Union (AGU)
dc.relation.urlhttp://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2014GL062882
dc.rightsThis is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
dc.titleMonsoon oscillations regulate fertility of the Red Sea
dc.typeArticle
display.details.left<span><h5>Type</h5>Article<br><br><h5>Authors</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.author=Raitsos, Dionysios E.,equals">Raitsos, Dionysios E.</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?query=orcid.id:0000-0002-0380-6910&spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC">Yi, Xing</a> <a href="https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0380-6910" target="_blank"><img src="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/server/api/core/bitstreams/82a625b4-ed4b-40c8-865a-d6a5225a26a4/content" width="16" height="16"/></a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.author=Platt, Trevor,equals">Platt, Trevor</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.author=Racault, Marie-Fanny,equals">Racault, Marie-Fanny</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.author=Brewin, Robert J. W.,equals">Brewin, Robert J. W.</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?query=orcid.id:0000-0002-3680-4751&spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC">Pradhan, Yaswant</a> <a href="https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3680-4751" target="_blank"><img src="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/server/api/core/bitstreams/82a625b4-ed4b-40c8-865a-d6a5225a26a4/content" width="16" height="16"/></a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?query=orcid.id:0000-0001-5877-5149&spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC">Papadopoulos, Vassilis P.</a> <a href="https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5877-5149" target="_blank"><img src="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/server/api/core/bitstreams/82a625b4-ed4b-40c8-865a-d6a5225a26a4/content" width="16" height="16"/></a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.author=Sathyendranath, Shubha,equals">Sathyendranath, Shubha</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?query=orcid.id:0000-0002-3751-4393&spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC">Hoteit, Ibrahim</a> <a href="https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3751-4393" target="_blank"><img src="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/server/api/core/bitstreams/82a625b4-ed4b-40c8-865a-d6a5225a26a4/content" width="16" height="16"/></a><br><br><h5>KAUST Department</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.department=Earth Fluid Modeling and Prediction Group,equals">Earth Fluid Modeling and Prediction Group</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.department=Earth Science and Engineering Program,equals">Earth Science and Engineering Program</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.department=Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division,equals">Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division</a><br><br><h5>Online Publication Date</h5>2015-02-12<br><br><h5>Print Publication Date</h5>2015-02-16<br><br><h5>Date</h5>2015-02-12</span>
display.details.right<span><h5>Abstract</h5>Tropical ocean ecosystems are predicted to become warmer, more saline, and less fertile in a future Earth. The Red Sea, one of the warmest and most saline environments in the world, may afford insights into the function of the tropical ocean ecosystem in a changing planet. We show that the concentration of chlorophyll and the duration of the phytoplankton growing season in the Red Sea are controlled by the strength of the winter Arabian monsoon (through horizontal advection of fertile waters from the Indian Ocean). Furthermore, and contrary to expectation, in the last decade (1998-2010) the winter Red Sea phytoplankton biomass has increased by 75% during prolonged positive phases of the Multivariate El Niño-Southern Oscillation Index. A new mechanism is reported, revealing the synergy of monsoon and climate in regulating Red Sea greenness. © 2015 The Authors.<br><br><h5>Citation</h5>Monsoon oscillations regulate fertility of the Red Sea 2015, 42 (3):855 Geophysical Research Letters<br><br><h5>Publisher</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.publisher=American Geophysical Union (AGU),equals">American Geophysical Union (AGU)</a><br><br><h5>Journal</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.journal=Geophysical Research Letters,equals">Geophysical Research Letters</a><br><br><h5>DOI</h5><a href="https://doi.org/10.1002/2014GL062882">10.1002/2014GL062882</a><br><br><h5>Additional Links</h5>http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2014GL062882</span>
kaust.personYi, Xing
kaust.personHoteit, Ibrahim
orcid.authorRaitsos, Dionysios E.
orcid.authorYi, Xing::0000-0002-0380-6910
orcid.authorPlatt, Trevor
orcid.authorRacault, Marie-Fanny
orcid.authorBrewin, Robert J. W.
orcid.authorPradhan, Yaswant::0000-0002-3680-4751
orcid.authorPapadopoulos, Vassilis P.::0000-0001-5877-5149
orcid.authorSathyendranath, Shubha
orcid.authorHoteit, Ibrahim::0000-0002-3751-4393
orcid.id0000-0002-3751-4393
orcid.id0000-0001-5877-5149
orcid.id0000-0002-3680-4751
orcid.id0000-0002-0380-6910
refterms.dateFOA2015-08-16T00:00:00Z
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