Quantitative Evaluation of Carrier Dynamics in Full-Spectrum Responsive Metallic ZnIn2S4 with Indium Vacancies for Boosting Photocatalytic CO2 Reduction

Abstract
The influence of defects on quantitative carrier dynamics is still unclear. Therefore, full-spectrum responsive metallic ZnIn2S4 (VIn-rich-ZIS) rich in indium vacancies and exhibiting high CO2 photoreduction efficiency was synthesized for the first time. The influence of the defects on the carrier dynamic parameters was studied quantitatively; the results showed that the minority carrier diffusion length (LD) is closely related to the catalytic performance. In situ infrared spectroscopy and theoretical calculations revealed that the presence of indium vacancies lowers the energy barrier for CO2 to CO conversion via the COOH* intermediate. Hence, the high rate of CO evolution reaches 298.0 μmol g–1 h–1, a nearly 28-fold enhancement over that with ZnIn2S4 (VIn-poor-ZIS), which is not rich in indium vacancies. This work fills the gaps between the catalytic performance of defective photocatalysts and their carrier dynamics and may offer valuable insight for understanding the mechanism of photocatalysis and designing more efficient defective photocatalysts.

Citation
He, Y., Chen, C., Liu, Y., Yang, Y., Li, C., Shi, Z., Han, Y., & Feng, S. (2022). Quantitative Evaluation of Carrier Dynamics in Full-Spectrum Responsive Metallic ZnIn2S4 with Indium Vacancies for Boosting Photocatalytic CO2 Reduction. Nano Letters, 22(12), 4970–4978. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.2c01666

Acknowledgements
This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21621001), the Foundation of Science and Technology Development of Jilin Province, China (20200801004GH) and 111 Project (B17020).

Journal
Nano letters

DOI
10.1021/acs.nanolett.2c01666

PubMed ID
35678583

Additional Links
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.nanolett.2c01666

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