Nanostructured sulfur cathodes

Type
Article

Authors
Yang, Yuan
Zheng, Guangyuan
Cui, Yi

KAUST Grant Number
KUS-l1-001-12

Date
2013

Abstract
Rechargeable Li/S batteries have attracted significant attention lately due to their high specific energy and low cost. They are promising candidates for applications, including portable electronics, electric vehicles and grid-level energy storage. However, poor cycle life and low power capability are major technical obstacles. Various nanostructured sulfur cathodes have been developed to address these issues, as they provide greater resistance to pulverization, faster reaction kinetics and better trapping of soluble polysulfides. In this review, recent developments on nanostructured sulfur cathodes and mechanisms behind their operation are presented and discussed. Moreover, progress on novel characterization of sulfur cathodes is also summarized, as it has deepened the understanding of sulfur cathodes and will guide further rational design of sulfur electrodes. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Citation
Yang Y, Zheng G, Cui Y (2013) Nanostructured sulfur cathodes. Chem Soc Rev 42: 3018. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c2cs35256g.

Acknowledgements
A portion of this work was supported by the Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering under contract DE-AC02-76SF0051 through the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Laboratory Directed Research and Development funding, under contract DE-AC02-76SF00515 (J.N., M. F. T., Y.C.). Y.C. acknowledges support from a King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Investigator Award (No. KUS-l1-001-12). Y.Y. acknowledges financial support from the Stanford Graduate Fellowship (SGF). G.Z. acknowledges financial support from the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore. Portions of this research were carried out at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, a national user facility operated by Stanford University on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences.

Publisher
Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)

Journal
Chemical Society Reviews

DOI
10.1039/c2cs35256g

PubMed ID
23325336

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