Operation Mechanism of n-Type Organic Electronic Metabolite Sensors

Abstract
The integration of n-type (electron-transporting) polymers with oxidase enzymes has allowed building high-performance organic electrochemical transistor (OECT) based metabolite sensors. Yet, the operation mechanism of these devices is poorly understood. Here, the process is investigated for the conversion of metabolite oxidation to electrical current in an n-type organic electrochemical transistor (n-OECT). By monitoring oxygen (O2), hydrogen peroxide, and pH changes in the electrolyte as well as the potential of each electrical contact of the n-OECT during glucose detection, light is shed on the physical phenomena occurring at the polymer-enzyme interface. It is shown that the n-type film performs O2 reduction reaction in its doped state and that the n-OECT characteristics are sensitive to O2. A correlation is found between the consumption of electrolyte-dissolved O2 and the generation of n-OECT current during the metabolite oxidation. The results demonstrate how the sensitivity of a polymer to O2, species known to deteriorate the performance of many semiconductor devices, becomes a feature to exploit in sensor applications. The importance of in operando analysis of the electrolyte composition and the terminal potentials is highlighted for understanding the operation mechanism of bioelectronic devices and for sensor design and materials development.

Citation
Druet, V., Nayak, P. D., Koklu, A., Ohayon, D., Hama, A., Chen, X., Moser, M., McCulloch, I., & Inal, S. (2022). Operation Mechanism of n-Type Organic Electronic Metabolite Sensors. Advanced Electronic Materials, 2200065. Portico. https://doi.org/10.1002/aelm.202200065

Acknowledgements
The research reported in this publication was supported by funding from KAUST, Office of Sponsored Research (OSR), under award numbers REI/1/4204-01, REI/1/4229-01, OSR-2015-Sensors-2719, and OSR-2018-CRG7-3709.

Publisher
Wiley

Journal
Advanced Electronic Materials

DOI
10.1002/aelm.202200065

Additional Links
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/aelm.202200065

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