Effects of Membrane Structure on Oil–Water Separation by Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics

Abstract
Membrane has been considered an effective tool for oil–water separation. By using the smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method, the effects of membrane structure on fluid separation were studied thoroughly in this paper. The oil–water two-phase fluid was generated as particles, while the membrane was built with solid particles, which was able to select the fluid particles. In general, the developed SPH method in this paper can evaluate separation performance with different membrane shapes, pore size distributions, membrane thickness and fluid properties. We suggest to the industry a potential approach to promote separation based on our simulation results, including adding the external force in the selected direction and demulsification for the bulk phase liquid particles. The triangular membrane performs well with the conditions for various parameters, as a result of its insensitivity to inhibiting factors. The effectiveness and robustness of the proposed SPH scheme was validated by a number of numerical experiments, and we assessed the optimized membrane structure and operation manners in order to improve separation efficiency and long-term safety.

Citation
Liu, J., Xie, X., Meng, Q., & Sun, S. (2022). Effects of Membrane Structure on Oil–Water Separation by Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics. Membranes, 12(4), 387. https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes12040387

Acknowledgements
This work was funded by the National Natural Scientific Foundation of China (Grants No. 51874262, 51936001 and 12171340) and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) through the grants BAS/1/1351-01, URF/1/4074-01, and URF/1/3769-01.

Publisher
MDPI AG

Journal
Membranes

DOI
10.3390/membranes12040387

Additional Links
https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0375/12/4/387

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