Advanced 3D multiscale modeling of forward osmosis-membrane distillation integrated designs

dc.contributor.authorSoukane, Sofiane
dc.contributor.authorNawaz, Muhammad Saqib
dc.contributor.authorObaid, M.
dc.contributor.authorGudideni, Veerabhadraiah
dc.contributor.authorAl-Qahtani, Ali
dc.contributor.authorGhaffour, Noreddine
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Science and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science and Engineering Program
dc.contributor.institutionEnergy Systems Division, Process and Control Systems Department, Saudi Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
dc.date.accessioned2023-11-06T06:40:29Z
dc.date.available2023-11-06T06:40:29Z
dc.date.issued2023-10-23
dc.description.abstractThe development of eco-friendly desalination and water reuse is key to secure water for future generations. The hybridization of emerging membrane technologies such as forward osmosis (FO) and membrane distillation (MD) stand among alternatives that proved sustainable in treating various feeds. As such, in-series integration of MD and FO enabled the simultaneous treatment of challenging streams, with MD producing fresh water while increasing the draw solution concentration before FO treatment. It is within this context that numerical modeling plays a key role by accelerating hybrids process design and scale-up, shedding light on viable directions and shortening development time. This work presents an advanced 3D multiscale modeling approach that integrates FO and MD heat and mass transfer membrane scale calculations to equipment scale computational fluid dynamics, executed on high performance computers. A methodology based on laboratory scale FO-MD integrated module experiments and runtime optimization is proposed for model calibration and process scale-up. The parallelization of the numerical model is shown to be key to efficient integrated modules development, enabling full 3D analysis on fine meshes and the solution of intricately coupled physical phenomena, which leads to a straightforward process scale-up evaluation.
dc.description.sponsorshipNoreddine Ghaffour reports financial support was provided by Saudi Aramco.The authors acknowledge support by KAUST through a collaborative and sponsored research project by Saudi Aramco, Grant # RGC/3/3598-01-01. The authors are also grateful to KAUST Supercomputing Laboratory (KSL) for granting access to Shaheen II supercomputer through project #k1595.
dc.eprint.versionPost-print
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.desal.2023.117089
dc.identifier.eid2-s2.0-85175035996
dc.identifier.issn0011-9164
dc.identifier.journalDesalination
dc.identifier.pages117089
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.kaust.edu.sa/handle/10754/695385
dc.identifier.volume571
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.rightsNOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Desalination. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Desalination, [571, , (2023-10-23)] DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2023.117089 . © 2023. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.rights.embargodate2025-10-23
dc.titleAdvanced 3D multiscale modeling of forward osmosis-membrane distillation integrated designs
dc.typeArticle
display.details.left<span><h5>Embargo End Date</h5>2025-10-23<br><br><h5>Type</h5>Article<br><br><h5>Authors</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.author=Soukane, Sofiane,equals">Soukane, Sofiane</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?query=orcid.id:0000-0002-7512-0651&spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC">Nawaz, Muhammad Saqib</a> <a href="https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7512-0651" target="_blank"><img src="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/server/api/core/bitstreams/82a625b4-ed4b-40c8-865a-d6a5225a26a4/content" width="16" height="16"/></a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.author=Obaid, M.,equals">Obaid, M.</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.author=Gudideni, Veerabhadraiah,equals">Gudideni, Veerabhadraiah</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.author=Al-Qahtani, Ali,equals">Al-Qahtani, Ali</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?query=orcid.id:0000-0003-2095-4736&spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC">Ghaffour, Noreddine</a> <a href="https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2095-4736" target="_blank"><img src="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/server/api/core/bitstreams/82a625b4-ed4b-40c8-865a-d6a5225a26a4/content" width="16" height="16"/></a><br><br><h5>KAUST Department</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.department=Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC),equals">Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.department=Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering (BESE) Division,equals">Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering (BESE) Division</a><br><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.department=Environmental Science and Engineering Program,equals">Environmental Science and Engineering Program</a><br><br><h5>KAUST Grant Number</h5>RGC/3/3598-01-01<br><br><h5>Date</h5>2023-10-23</span>
display.details.right<span><h5>Abstract</h5>The development of eco-friendly desalination and water reuse is key to secure water for future generations. The hybridization of emerging membrane technologies such as forward osmosis (FO) and membrane distillation (MD) stand among alternatives that proved sustainable in treating various feeds. As such, in-series integration of MD and FO enabled the simultaneous treatment of challenging streams, with MD producing fresh water while increasing the draw solution concentration before FO treatment. It is within this context that numerical modeling plays a key role by accelerating hybrids process design and scale-up, shedding light on viable directions and shortening development time. This work presents an advanced 3D multiscale modeling approach that integrates FO and MD heat and mass transfer membrane scale calculations to equipment scale computational fluid dynamics, executed on high performance computers. A methodology based on laboratory scale FO-MD integrated module experiments and runtime optimization is proposed for model calibration and process scale-up. The parallelization of the numerical model is shown to be key to efficient integrated modules development, enabling full 3D analysis on fine meshes and the solution of intricately coupled physical phenomena, which leads to a straightforward process scale-up evaluation.<br><br><h5>Acknowledgements</h5>Noreddine Ghaffour reports financial support was provided by Saudi Aramco.The authors acknowledge support by KAUST through a collaborative and sponsored research project by Saudi Aramco, Grant # RGC/3/3598-01-01. The authors are also grateful to KAUST Supercomputing Laboratory (KSL) for granting access to Shaheen II supercomputer through project #k1595.<br><br><h5>Publisher</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.publisher=Elsevier BV,equals">Elsevier BV</a><br><br><h5>Journal</h5><a href="https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/search?spc.sf=dc.date.issued&spc.sd=DESC&f.journal=Desalination,equals">Desalination</a><br><br><h5>DOI</h5><a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2023.117089">10.1016/j.desal.2023.117089</a></span>
kaust.acknowledged.supportUnitKAUST Supercomputing Laboratory (KSL)
kaust.acknowledged.supportUnitShaheen II
kaust.grant.numberRGC/3/3598-01-01
kaust.personSoukane, Sofiane
kaust.personNawaz, Muhammad Saqib
kaust.personObaid, M.
kaust.personGhaffour, Noreddine
orcid.authorSoukane, Sofiane
orcid.authorNawaz, Muhammad Saqib::0000-0002-7512-0651
orcid.authorObaid, M.
orcid.authorGudideni, Veerabhadraiah
orcid.authorAl-Qahtani, Ali
orcid.authorGhaffour, Noreddine::0000-0003-2095-4736
orcid.id0000-0003-2095-4736
orcid.id0000-0002-7512-0651
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