Electricity generation potential from natural gas pressure reduction turbines in Brazil

Abstract
This paper addresses the urgent need to meet increasing energy demand while avoiding greenhouse gas emissions by improving energy efficiency. One significant challenge is the energy losses that occur during gas pressure reduction at city gates in natural gas distribution systems. To tackle this issue, this study proposes installing pressure reduction turbines (PRTs) parallel to existing reduction valves, which can generate electricity and enhance system efficiency. This research mainly focuses on Brazil’s natural gas supply, where the potential for installing PRTs is evaluated. The methodology analyzes the country’s distribution network and estimates the electricity generation capacity achievable from PRTs. The results indicate a potential power generation of 66 MW, capable of avoiding the emission of 235,800 tons of CO2 annually and generating 333 GWh/year of electricity, all at a LCOE of $27/MW. These contribute to the environment using the energy efficiency achieved through the installation of PRTs, consequently, Brazil can help to a cleaner and more sustainable energy future.

Acknowledgements
Open access funding provided by International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA). This research was funded by the project entitled “Eficientização Energética de Usina Termelétrica a Gás Através do Aproveitamento Termodinâmico do Gás Natural” within the scope of R&D ANEEL program and financed by Âmbar Energia LDTA.

Publisher
Springer Science and Business Media LLC

Journal
Energy Efficiency

DOI
10.1007/s12053-023-10176-8

Additional Links
https://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12053-023-10176-8