Lead iodide perovskite sensitized all-solid-state submicron thin film mesoscopic solar cell with efficiency exceeding 9%.

Abstract
We report on solid-state mesoscopic heterojunction solar cells employing nanoparticles (NPs) of methyl ammonium lead iodide (CH(3)NH(3))PbI(3) as light harvesters. The perovskite NPs were produced by reaction of methylammonium iodide with PbI(2) and deposited onto a submicron-thick mesoscopic TiO(2) film, whose pores were infiltrated with the hole-conductor spiro-MeOTAD. Illumination with standard AM-1.5 sunlight generated large photocurrents (J(SC)) exceeding 17 mA/cm(2), an open circuit photovoltage (V(OC)) of 0.888 V and a fill factor (FF) of 0.62 yielding a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 9.7%, the highest reported to date for such cells. Femto second laser studies combined with photo-induced absorption measurements showed charge separation to proceed via hole injection from the excited (CH(3)NH(3))PbI(3) NPs into the spiro-MeOTAD followed by electron transfer to the mesoscopic TiO(2) film. The use of a solid hole conductor dramatically improved the device stability compared to (CH(3)NH(3))PbI(3) -sensitized liquid junction cells.

Citation
Kim H-S, Lee C-R, Im J-H, Lee K-B, Moehl T, et al. (2012) Lead Iodide Perovskite Sensitized All-Solid-State Submicron Thin Film Mesoscopic Solar Cell with Efficiency Exceeding 9%. Scientific Reports 2. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep00591.

Acknowledgements
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MEST) of Korea under contracts No. 2010-0014992 and 2010-0028821 and R31-2008-10029 (WCU program) and the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and planning (KETEP) grant funded by the Ministry of Knowledge Economy under contract No. 20103020010010. SKKU team thanks Mr. Jin-Wook Lee for his assistance in some experiments. This publication is partially based on work at EPFL supported by the Center for Advanced Molecular Photovoltaics (Award No KUS-C1-015-21), made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), ECR advanced Grant Agreement No. 247404 under the CE-Mesolight project funded by the European community's 7th FWP. EPFL team thanks Dr. Thomas W. Holcombe for his kind and fruitful discussion.

Publisher
Springer Nature

Journal
Scientific Reports

DOI
10.1038/srep00591

PubMed ID
22912919

PubMed Central ID
PMC3423636

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