An integrated vision-based approach for efficient human fall detection in a home environment

License
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Type
Article

Authors
Harrou, Fouzi
Zerrouki, Nabil
Sun, Ying
Houacine, Amrane

KAUST Department
Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
Statistics Program

KAUST Grant Number
OSR-2019-CRG7-3800

Online Publication Date
2019-08-22

Print Publication Date
2019

Date
2019-08-22

Abstract
Falls are an important healthcare problem for vulnerable persons like seniors. Response to potential emergencies can be fastened timely detection and classification of falls. This paper addresses the detection of human falls using relevant pixel-based features reflecting variations in body shape. Specifically, the human body is divided into five partitions that correspond to five partial occupancy areas. For each frame, area ratios are calculated and used as input data for fall detection and classification. First, the detection of falls is addressed from a statistical point of view as an anomaly detection problem. Towards this end, an integrated approach merging a detection step with a classification step is proposed for enabling efficient human fall detection in a home environment. In this regard, an effective fall detection approach using generalized likelihood ratio (GLR) scheme is designed. However, a GLR scheme cannot discriminate between true falls and like-fall events, such as lying down. To mitigate this limitation, the support vector machine algorithm has been successfully applied on features of the detected fall to recognize the type of fall. Tests on two publicly available datasets show the effectiveness of the proposed approach to appropriately detecting and identifying falls. Compared with the neural network, k-nearest neighbor, decision tree and naïve Bayes procedures, the two steps approach achieved better detection performance.

Citation
Harrou, F., Zerrouki, N., Sun, Y., & Houacine, A. (2019). An integrated vision-based approach for efficient human fall detection in a home environment. IEEE Access, 1–1. doi:10.1109/access.2019.2936320

Acknowledgements
This work is supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Office of Sponsored Research (OSR) under Award No: OSR-2019-CRG7-3800.

Publisher
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

Journal
IEEE Access

DOI
10.1109/access.2019.2936320

Additional Links
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8805313/

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