Sunlight Modulation for Optical Wireless Communication

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At the time of archiving, the student author of this thesis opted to temporarily restrict access to it. The full text of this thesis will become available to the public after the expiration of the embargo on 2023-04-12.

Solar energy is widely used for electricity generation, heating systems, and indoor environment daytime illumination. Indeed, large amounts of Sunlight energy remain insufficiently used. In this work, we aim at employing sunlight for data transmission as another option for wireless communications. Being emitted by an uncontrollable source, taming the Sunlight is a challenging task that requires appropriate technolo- gies to manipulate incident light. Throughout this thesis, we first review switchable glass technologies and investigate their potential use for light modulation. Liquid Crystal Devices (LCD) have adequate response time and contrast characteristics for such an application. In this regard, we design a novel Dual-cell Liquid Crystal Shutter (DLS) by stacking two Liquid Crystal cells that operate in opposite manners, and we build our Sunlight modulator with an array of DLSs. Then, we adopt Time Division Multiplexing and polarization-based modulation to boost the data rate and eliminate the flickering effect. In addition, we provide mathematical modeling of the system and study its performance in terms of communication and energy consumption. Finally, we introduce some numerical results to examine the impact of multiple parameters on the system’s performance and compare it with state-of-the-art, which showed that our system features higher data rates and extended link ranges.

Ammar, S. (2022). Sunlight Modulation for Optical Wireless Communication. KAUST Research Repository.


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