On the Performance of Dual-Hop Systems over Mixed FSO/mmWave Fading Channels

Abstract
Free-space optical (FSO) links are considered as a cost-efficient way to fill the backhaul/fronthaul connectivity gap between millimeter wave (mmWave) access networks and optical fiber based central networks. In this paper, we investigate the end-to-end performance of dual-hop mixed FSO/mmWave systems to address this combined use. The FSO link is modeled as a Gamma-Gamma fading channel using both heterodyne detection and indirect modulation/direct detection with pointing error impairments, while the mmWave link experiences the fluctuating two-ray fading. Under the assumption of both amplify-and-forward and decode-and-forward relaying, we derive novel closed-form expressions for the outage probability, average bit error probability (BER), ergodic capacity, effective capacity in terms of bivariate Fox’s H-functions. Additionally, we discuss the diversity gain and provide other important engineering insights based on the high signal-to-noise-ratio analysis of the outage probability and the average BER. Finally, all our analytical results are verified using Monte Carlo simulations.

Citation
Zhang, Y., Zhang, J., Yang, L., Ai, B., & Alouini, M.-S. (2020). On the Performance of Dual-Hop Systems Over Mixed FSO/mmWave Fading Channels. IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society, 1, 477–489. doi:10.1109/ojcoms.2020.2987927

Publisher
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

Journal
IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society

DOI
10.1109/OJCOMS.2020.2987927

Additional Links
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9067012/https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=9067012

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