On the Organizational Dynamics of the Genetic Code

Abstract
The organization of the canonical genetic code needs to be thoroughly illuminated. Here we reorder the four nucleotides—adenine, thymine, guanine and cytosine—according to their emergence in evolution, and apply the organizational rules to devising an algebraic representation for the canonical genetic code. Under a framework of the devised code, we quantify codon and amino acid usages from a large collection of 917 prokaryotic genome sequences, and associate the usages with its intrinsic structure and classification schemes as well as amino acid physicochemical properties. Our results show that the algebraic representation of the code is structurally equivalent to a content-centric organization of the code and that codon and amino acid usages under different classification schemes were correlated closely with GC content, implying a set of rules governing composition dynamics across a wide variety of prokaryotic genome sequences. These results also indicate that codons and amino acids are not randomly allocated in the code, where the six-fold degenerate codons and their amino acids have important balancing roles for error minimization. Therefore, the content-centric code is of great usefulness in deciphering its hitherto unknown regularities as well as the dynamics of nucleotide, codon, and amino acid compositions.

Citation
On the Organizational Dynamics of the Genetic Code 2011, 9 (1-2):21 Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Publisher
Elsevier BV

Journal
Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics

DOI
10.1016/S1672-0229(11)60004-1

PubMed ID
21641559

Additional Links
http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1672022911600041

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