Bayesian Inversion for Large Scale Antarctic Ice Sheet Flow

Type
Presentation

Authors
Ghattas, Omar

Date
2015-01-07

Abstract
The flow of ice from the interior of polar ice sheets is the primary contributor to projected sea level rise. One of the main difficulties faced in modeling ice sheet flow is the uncertain spatially-varying Robin boundary condition that describes the resistance to sliding at the base of the ice. Satellite observations of the surface ice flow velocity, along with a model of ice as a creeping incompressible shear-thinning fluid, can be used to infer this uncertain basal boundary condition. We cast this ill-posed inverse problem in the framework of Bayesian inference, which allows us to infer not only the basal sliding parameters, but also the associated uncertainty. To overcome the prohibitive nature of Bayesian methods for large-scale inverse problems, we exploit the fact that, despite the large size of observational data, they typically provide only sparse information on model parameters. We show results for Bayesian inversion of the basal sliding parameter field for the full Antarctic continent, and demonstrate that the work required to solve the inverse problem, measured in number of forward (and adjoint) ice sheet model solves, is independent of the parameter and data dimensions

Conference/Event Name
Advances in Uncertainty Quantification Methods, Algorithms and Applications (UQAW 2015)

Additional Links
http://mediasite.kaust.edu.sa/Mediasite/Play/563828f0ab6d4a37a528d63b1beb0ee81d?catalog=ca65101c-a4eb-4057-9444-45f799bd9c52

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