This paper explores the reaction kinetics of NiO supported on YSZ (Yttria Stabilized Zirconia) as an oxygen carrier for chemical looping combustion. Nickel particles with size less than 1 μm mixed with YSZ nano-powders are used to prepare the solid mixture, with 45% mol of NiO. Redox reactivity and oxygen carrying capacity are measured in a laboratory scale fixed bed reactor in the temperature range 500-1000 °C with different concentrations of the reactive gasses. Samples are subjected to repeated redox cycles using synthetic air (O2+Ar) for oxidation, and H2/H2O/Ar mixtures for reduction. NiO/YSZ demonstrates superb cyclic regenerability starting with the 2nd cycle, with full utilization of its oxygen carrying capacity. Compared to pure nickel, pronounced improvement is achieved in the kinetics and oxygen utilization. Full reduction is achieved, and the presence of H2O does not affect the reduction rate. Reactivity is also determined as a function of conversion. Global models of redox conversion are developed, in which surface chemistry and solid diffusion are considered. Oxidation exhibits the characteristics of a shrinking-core model with internal reactions at the Ni/NiO interface being the rate limiting step, and it is weakly temperature dependent. Reduction with H2 generally exhibits surface chemistry limitation (adsorption-desorption), with surface product formation being the rate limiting step. YSZ significantly enhances ionic transport during oxidation and reduction. Reaction rate dependencies on conversion during the two steps suggest an optimal range for the oxygen carrying capacity of the material.
Ghoniem, A. F., Zhao, Z., & Uddi, M. (2023). Redox kinetics of NiO/YSZ for chemical-looping combustion and the effect of support on reducibility. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2022.11.013
This work was supported by the King Abdullah University for Science and Technology (KAUST) .