Influence of charge disproportionation on microwave characteristics of Zn-Nd substituted Sr-hexaferrites

Abstract
Sr(Zn,Nd)xFe12−xO19 (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 1.0) nanohexaferrites (NHFs) were obtained using citrate sol–gel approach. XRD and FE-SEM analysis were performed to confirm the formation of Sr M-type hexaferrite. Main electrodynamics characteristics (frequency dependences of real and imaginary parts of the permittivity and permeability) were measured in the range 5–18 GHz (region of the natural ferromagnetic resonance). Permittivity and permeability data correlates well. All samples were characterized by peak on the frequency dependences due to electrical and magnetic losses respectively. However, for compounds with x = 0.1 and 0.9 we observed second peak (at 14–15 GHz). This was explained by double oxidation state for iron ions (Fe3+/Fe4+). Presence of the Fe4+ ions was due to heterovalent Zn2+ substitution. Absence of the second peak for compounds x = 0.3; 0.5 and 0.7 was explained by charge disproportionation (according to the following scheme: 2Fe4+ = Fe3+ + Fe5+) under the influence of the crystal field energy. It was demonstrated that modification of crystal and magnetic structures by heterovalent substitution leads to transformation the microwave characteristics (reflection losses).

Citation
Almessiere, M. A., Genc, F., Sozeri, H., Baykal, A., Trukhanov, S. V., & Trukhanov, A. V. (2019). Influence of charge disproportionation on microwave characteristics of Zn–Nd substituted Sr-hexaferrites. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 30(7), 6776–6785. doi:10.1007/s10854-019-00989-8

Acknowledgements
Authors are grateful to the Institute for Research & Medical Consultations (IRMC) of Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University for the financial assistance to pursue this research (Grant No. 2018-IRMC-S-1). The technical assistance provided by Core Labs of King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) are highly appreciated. This work was carried out with partial financial support in part from the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation in the framework of Increase Competitiveness Program of NUST «MISiS» (Grants Nos. П02-2017-2-4 and К3-2018-026) and SUSU (Grant No. 4.1346.2017/4.6.).

Publisher
Springer Science and Business Media LLC

Journal
JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE-MATERIALS IN ELECTRONICS

DOI
10.1007/s10854-019-00989-8

Additional Links
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10854-019-00989-8

Permanent link to this record