Ca2+ and Mg2+ incorporated barium hexaferrites: structural and magnetic properties
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AbstractBaM hexaferrites substituted with both Ca2+ and Mg2+ ions, namely, Ba1-2×CaxMgxFe12O19 (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.1), synthesized during a sol–gel auto-combustion route. The hexaferrite phase and morphology of all samples were investigated using X-ray powder diffraction, a field emission scanning electron microscope, a high-resolution transmission microscope, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. In addition, an M-type hexagonal structure was confirmed using XRD for all samples. FE-SEM and TEM revealed the shape of the hexagonal plate. Measurements of the magnetization versus the field M(H) of Ba1-2×CaxMgxFe12O19 (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.1) nanohexaferrites were conducted at 300 and 10 K. A hard-ferrimagnetic behavior at both 300 and 10 K was noted for the different products produced. The squareness ratio indicates the uniaxial anisotropy for various products. The deduced values of saturation magnetization (Ms) in all substituted samples are higher than in the pristine sample (x = 0). The Ba0.96Ca0.02Mg0.02Fe12O19 nanosized hexaferrite showed the highest values of Ms, remanence Mr, magneton number (nB), and magnetocrystalline anisotropy constant (Keff). In contrast, the values of the coercive field (Hc) and intrinsic coercivity (Hci) diminish with the increase in the amount of the substituted Ca and Mg elements.
CitationAlmessiere, M. A., Slimani, Y., El Sayed, H. S., & Baykal, A. (2018). Ca2+ and Mg2+ incorporated barium hexaferrites: structural and magnetic properties. Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, 88(3), 628–638. doi:10.1007/s10971-018-4853-1
SponsorsThe authors would like to thank the Deanship of Scientific Research (DSR) and the Institute for Research & Medical Consultations (IRMC) of Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University for providing financial assistance to this study (Application No, 2017-605-IRMC) and Core Labs of King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) for the use of their resources.
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC