Drone Charging Stations Deployment in Rural Areas for Better Wireless Coverage: Challenges and Solutions
KAUST DepartmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Science and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
Electrical and Computer Engineering Program
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/676858
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AbstractWhile fifth-generation (5G) cellular is meant to deliver gigabit peak data speeds, low latency, and connection to billions of devices, and 6G is already on the way, half of the world population living in rural areas are still facing challenges connecting to the internet. Compared to urban areas, users in rural areas are greatly impacted by low income, high cost of backhaul connectivity, limited resources, extreme weather, and natural geographical limitations. Therefore, how to connect the rural areas and the difficulties of providing connectivity draw great attention. This article first provides a brief discussion about existing technologies and strategies for enhancing the network coverage in rural areas, and their advantages, limitations, and cost. Next, we mainly focus on the UAV-assisted network in resource-limited regions. Considering the limitation of the onboard battery of UAVs and the electricity supply scarcity in some rural regions, we investigate the possibility and performance enhancement of the deployment of renewable energy (RE) charging stations. We outline three practical scenarios, and use simulation results to demonstrate that RE charging stations can be a possible solution to address the limited onboard battery of UAVs in rural areas, especially when they can harvest and store enough energy. Finally, future works and challenges are discussed.
CitationQin, Y., Kishk, M. A., & Alouini, M.-S. (2022). Drone Charging Stations Deployment in Rural Areas for Better Wireless Coverage: Challenges and Solutions. IEEE Internet of Things Magazine, 5(1), 148–153. https://doi.org/10.1109/iotm.001.2100083
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Magazine