A robust upwind mixed hybrid finite element method for transport in variably saturated porous media

Abstract
The mixed finite element (MFE) method is well adapted for the simulation of fluid flow in heterogeneous porous media. However, when employed for the transport equation, it can generate solutions with strong unphysical oscillations because of the hyperbolic nature of advection. In this work, a robust upwind MFE scheme is proposed to avoid such unphysical oscillations. The new scheme is a combination of the upwind edge/face centered finite volume method with the hybrid formulation of the MFE method. The scheme ensures continuity of both advective and dispersive fluxes between adjacent elements and allows to maintain the time derivative continuous, which permits employment of high-order time integration methods via the method of lines (MOL).

Numerical simulations are performed in both saturated and unsaturated porous media to investigate the robustness of the new upwind MFE scheme. Results show that, contrarily to the standard scheme, the upwind MFE method generates stable solutions without under and overshoots. The simulation of contaminant transport into a variably saturated porous medium highlights the robustness of the proposed upwind scheme when combined with the MOL for solving nonlinear problems.

Citation
Younes, A., Hoteit, H., Helmig, R., & Fahs, M. (2022). A robust upwind mixed hybrid finite element method for transport in variably saturated porous media. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 26(20), 5227–5239. https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-26-5227-2022

Publisher
Copernicus GmbH

Journal
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences

DOI
10.5194/hess-26-5227-2022

Additional Links
https://hess.copernicus.org/articles/26/5227/2022/

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2022-10-20 12:10:03
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