Monitoring coastal water flow dynamics using sub-daily high-resolution SkySat satellite and UAV-based imagery
KAUST DepartmentHydrology, Agricultural and Land Observation, Water Desalination and Reuse Center, Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering Division, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering (BESE) Division
Marine Science Program
Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)
Environmental Science and Engineering Program
Embargo End Date2024-05-05
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/676658
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AbstractSub-daily tracking of dynamic features and events using high spatial resolution satellite imagery has only recently become possible, with advanced observational capabilities now available through tasking of satellite constellations. Here, we provide a first of its kind demonstration of using sub-daily 0.50 m resolution SkySat imagery to track coastal water flows, combining these data with object-based detection and a machine-learning approach to map the extent and concentration of two dye plumes. Coincident high-frequency unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) imagery was also employed for quantitative modeling of dye concentration and evaluation of the sub-daily satellite-based dye tracking. Our results show that sub-daily SkySat imagery can track dye plume extent with low omission (8.73–16.05%) and commission errors (0.32–2.77%) and model dye concentration (coefficient of determination = 0.73; root mean square error = 28.68 ppb) with the assistance of high-frequency UAV data. The results also demonstrate the capabilities of using UAV imagery for scaling between field data and satellite imagery for tracking coastal water flow dynamics. This research has implications for monitoring of water flows and nutrient or pollution exchange, and it also demonstrates the capabilities of higher temporal resolution satellite data for delivering further insights into dynamic processes of coastal systems.
CitationJohansen, K., Dunne, A. F., Tu, Y.-H., Jones, B. H., & McCabe, M. F. (2022). Monitoring coastal water flow dynamics using sub-daily high-resolution SkySat satellite and UAV-based imagery. Water Research, 219, 118531. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2022.118531
SponsorsResearch reported in this publication was supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).
We would like to thank Ute Langner, Ronald Cadiz, Ioana Andreea Ciocanaru and Walter Rich at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) for their contribution to the field data collection and placement of ground control points.