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dc.contributor.authorKunchala, Ravi Kumar
dc.contributor.authorPatra, Prabir K.
dc.contributor.authorKumar, Kondapalli Niranjan
dc.contributor.authorChandra, Naveen
dc.contributor.authorAttada, Raju
dc.contributor.authorKarumuri, Rama Krishna
dc.date.accessioned2022-02-06T07:01:13Z
dc.date.available2022-02-06T07:01:13Z
dc.date.issued2022-01-26
dc.date.submitted2021-08-27
dc.identifier.citationKunchala, Patra, P. K., Kumar, K. N., Chandra, N., Attada, R., & Karumuri, R. K. (2022). Spatio-temporal variability of XCO2 over Indian region inferred from Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO-2) satellite and Chemistry Transport Model. Atmospheric Research, 269, 106044. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2022.106044
dc.identifier.issn0169-8095
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.atmosres.2022.106044
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/675361
dc.description.abstractInvestigation of spatio-temporal variability of column-averaged dry-air mole fraction of CO2 (XCO2) over the Indian region using remote sensing satellite measurements is of interest due to the sparseness of ground-based observations. In this study, we utilized OCO-2 satellite retrievals in conjunction with an atmospheric chemistry-transport model (ACTM) simulations for a set of known (bottom-up) and optimized (top-down) flux for the period September 2014 to December 2018. Results showed the highest XCO2 during the pre-monsoon season, due to prevailing seasonal-high temperatures and drier soil conditions that resulted in increased respiration and suppressed photosynthesis. In contrast, a reduction in XCO2 during the monsoon season is found as precipitation increased soil moisture and moderated the air temperature, driving vegetation growth by which photosynthesis exceeded respiration by the land biosphere. Model - observation differences of XCO2 have shown the overestimation (underestimation) during monsoon (pre-monsoon) especially over the central India region, which might be due to underestimation of the modeled peak-to-trough biospheric fluxes. Analyses of the latitudinal distribution of XCO2 averaged over Indian landmass shows a clear increasing trend and seasonality. An enormous increase in XCO2 of about ~12 ppm during 2015–2018 is estimated from OCO-2, which is in good agreement with model-simulated XCO2 (optimized flux case) and consistent with the global growth rate from surface observations. The time series and seasonal cycle of XCO2 have also been examined using model simulations over different parts of the Indian region and agreed well with those from OCO-2. Over the northern regions, especially over the Indo Gangetic Plain, the peak-to-trough seasonal cycle amplitudes of 2–3 ppm are twice than those in the southern and oceanic regions,~1–1.5 ppm. An annual total CO2 flux of −397 ± 99 TgC/yr is estimated by the inversion and that is consistent with the XCO2 measurements.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors acknowledge the efforts of NASA to provide the OCO-2 data products. This work is partly supported by the Arctic Challenge for Sustainability phase II (ArCS-II; JPMXD1420318865) Projects of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). We thank the anonymous reviewers for their insightful and constructive comments on our manuscript.
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.relation.urlhttps://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0169809522000308
dc.rightsNOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Atmospheric Research. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Atmospheric Research, [269, , (2022-01-26)] DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2022.106044 . © 2022. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.titleSpatio-temporal variability of XCO2 over Indian region inferred from Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO-2) satellite and Chemistry Transport Model
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
dc.identifier.journalAtmospheric Research
dc.rights.embargodate2024-02-01
dc.eprint.versionPost-print
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Atmospheric Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, 110016, India
dc.contributor.institutionResesarch Institute for Global Change, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Yokohama, 236-0001, Japan
dc.contributor.institutionNational Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting, Ministry of Earth Sciences, 201309, India
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Mohali, Punjab,140306, India
dc.identifier.volume269
dc.identifier.pages106044
kaust.personKarumuri, Rama Krishna
dc.date.accepted2022-01-19
dc.identifier.eid2-s2.0-85123771952


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