Hasanov, Bashir E.
Emwas, Abdul-Hamid M.
El Labban, Abdulrahman
Da Costa, Pedro M. F. J.
KAUST DepartmentMaterial Science and Engineering Program
Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
Physical Science and Engineering Division King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Thuwal 23955-6900 Saudi Arabia
Chemical Science Program
Core Labs King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Thuwal 23955-6900 Saudi Arabia
Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering (BESE) Division
KAUST Solar Center (KSC)
KAUST Grant NumberBAS/1/1346-01-01
Embargo End Date2022-12-31
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/675066
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractCarbon cathodes have shown excellent electrochemical behavior in aluminum batteries based on non-aqueous electrolytes. By contrast, their use in Al systems operating in a salt-water medium is plagued by poor and unstable performance. Herein, it is sustained that a successful C cathode for rechargeable aqueous Al batteries requires surface customization to enable hydrophilicity and grafting of charged Al molecules. Employing a freeze-dried reduced graphene oxide (rGO) as the active electrode material, an aqueous Al-C battery is assembled with a high energy density (136 Wh kg−1 per cathode mass) and one of the best capacity retentions reported (≈60% across a range of current densities and constant Coulombic efficiencies close to unit). Furthermore, the rGO cathode more than doubles the benchmark for life cycles (to ≈200 cycles) and can be charged rapidly (<5 min). To explain this response, a charge storage mechanism is proposed wherein the [Al(H2O)6]3+ ions do not get desolvated when inserted into the cathode. The guest Al ions (surface adsorbed or intercalated) act as proton donors and may get anchored on the oxygen moieties of the rGO, further promoting the formation of an electrochemical double layer. A mixed charge-storage regime follows that stabilizes the carbon cathode and enables an unprecedented response.
CitationSmajic, J., Hasanov, B. E., Alazmi, A., Emwas, A., Wehbe, N., Genovese, A., … Costa, P. M. F. J. (2021). Aqueous Aluminum-Carbon Rechargeable Batteries. Advanced Materials Interfaces, 2101733. doi:10.1002/admi.202101733
SponsorsThis work was funded by KAUST (BAS/1/1346-01-01). The authors thank the KAUST Core Labs for technical assistance.
JournalAdvanced Materials Interfaces