Full waveform inversion is a high-resolution subsurface imaging technique, in which full seismic waveforms are used to infer subsurface physical properties. We present a novel, target-enclosing, full-waveform inversion framework based on an interferometric objective function. This objective function exploits the equivalence between the convolution and correlation representation formulas, using data from a closed boundary around the target area of interest. Because such equivalence is violated when the knowledge of the enclosed medium is incorrect, we propose to minimize the mismatch between the wavefields independently reconstructed by the two representation formulas. The proposed method requires only kinematic knowledge of the subsurface model, specifically the overburden
for redatuming, and does not require prior knowledge of the model below the target area. In this sense it is truly local: sensitive only to the medium parameters within the chosen target, with no assumptions about the medium or scattering regime outside the target. We
present the theoretical framework and derive the gradient of the new objective function via the adjoint-state method and apply it to a synthetic example with exactly redatumed wavefields.
The authors thank King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) for funding this work. For computer time, this research used the resources of the Supercomputing Laboratory at King Abdullah University of Science & Technology (KAUST) in Thuwal, Saudi Arabia. Alison Malcolm thanks NSERC, Chevron and InnovateNL for funding.