Shock tubes have emerged as an effective tool for applications in various fields of research and technology. The conventional mode of shock tube operation employs a frangible diaphragm to generate shock waves. The last half-century has witnessed significant efforts to replace this diaphragm-bursting method with fast-acting valves. These diaphragmless methods have good repeatability, quick turnaround time between experiments, and produce a clean flow, free of diaphragm fragments, in contrast to the conventional diaphragm-type operation. The constantly evolving valve designs target shorter opening times for improved performance and efficiency. The present review is a compilation of the different diaphragmless shock tubes that have been conceptualized, developed, and implemented for various research endeavors. The discussions focus on essential factors, including the actuation mechanism, driver-driven configurations, valve opening time, shock formation distance, and operating pressure range, that ultimately influence the shock wave parameters obtained in the shock tube. A generalized mathematical model to study the behavior of these valves is developed. The advantages, limitations, and challenges in improving the performance of the valves are described. Finally, the present-day applications of diaphragmless shock tubes have been discussed, and their potential scope in expanding the frontiers of shock wave research and technology is presented.
Janardhanraj, S., Karthick, S. K., & Farooq, A. (2022). A review of diaphragmless shock tubes for interdisciplinary applications. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 93, 101042. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2022.101042
The work of authors from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) was funded by the baseline research funds at KAUST.