Superposition of Emergent Monopole and Antimonopole in CoTb Thin Films
van der Laan, Gerrit
KAUST DepartmentPhysical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
Material Science and Engineering Program
KAUST Grant NumberORS2019-CRG8-4081
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/673756
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AbstractA three-dimensional singular point that consists of two oppositely aligned emergent monopoles is identified in continuous CoTb thin films, as confirmed by complementary techniques of resonant elastic x-ray scattering, Lorentz transmission electron microscopy, and scanning transmission x-ray microscopy. This new type of topological defect can be regarded as a superposition of an emergent magnetic monopole and an antimonopole, around which the source and drain of the magnetic flux overlap in space. We experimentally prove that the observed spin twist seen in Lorentz transmission electron microscopy reveals the cross section of the superimposed three-dimensional structure, providing a straightforward strategy for the observation of magnetic singularities. Such a quasiparticle provides an excellent platform for studying the rich physics of emergent electromagnetism.
CitationGuang, Y., Ran, K., Zhang, J., Liu, Y., Zhang, S., Qiu, X., … Han, X. (2021). Superposition of Emergent Monopole and Antimonopole in CoTb Thin Films. Physical Review Letters, 127(21). doi:10.1103/physrevlett.127.217201
SponsorsThis work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grants No. 2017YFA0206200 and No. 2020YFA0309400), the Beijing Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. Z190009), the Science Center of the National Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 52088101), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants No. 11874409, No. 51831012, No. 12074257, No. 11804380, and No. 12004249), the Shanghai Sailing Program (Grant No. 20YF1430600), and the K. C. Wong Education Foundation (Grant No. GJTD- 2019-14). X. X. Z acknowledges the support from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology with funding numbers: ORS2019-CRG8-4081. T. H. acknowledges support from the Engineering and Physical Science Research Council (UK) under Grant No. EP/N032128/1. Diamond Light Source is acknowledged for beam time on I10 under proposal number MM-23785.
PublisherAmerican Physical Society (APS)
JournalPhysical Review Letters