Rapid photodegradation of organic micro-pollutants in water using high-intensity pulsed light
KAUST DepartmentBiological and Environmental Science and Engineering (BESE) Division
Environmental Science and Engineering Program
KAUST Solar Center (KSC)
Material Science and Engineering Program
Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
Online Publication Date2021-11-17
Print Publication Date2021-12
Embargo End Date2023-11-17
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/673721
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AbstractThe rising concentration of organic micro-pollutants (OMPs) in water resources has become a major concern for aquatic ecosystems and human health. Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs), based on ultraviolet (UV) photolysis and photochemical reactions, have been suggested for the degradation of various micropollutants present in water and wastewater. However, the application of these methods on large scale is limited due to the long treatment times. Here we evaluate the efficiency of high-intensity pulsed light treatment (HIPL) for the degradation of organic compounds in aqueous conditions. A solution containing 11 OMPs was treated with short (<2 ms) and high-intensity light pulses produced by a Xenon flash lamp. It was observed that the HIPL parameters, such as the number of pulses and optical energy dose, have a significant impact on the efficiency of the treatment. The main advantage of HIPL is the fast kinetics that allows efficient photodegradation of OMPs from the aqueous solution rapidly and within milliseconds. The present work showcases the potential of HIPL technique for the post-treatment of contaminated water containing pharmaceuticals and endocrine disruptor compounds.
CitationFortunato, L., Yarali, E., Sanchez-Huerta, C., & Anthopoulos, T. D. (2021). Rapid photodegradation of organic micro-pollutants in water using high-intensity pulsed light. Journal of Water Process Engineering, 44, 102414. doi:10.1016/j.jwpe.2021.102414
SponsorsThis publication is based upon work supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Water Desalination and Reuse Center (WDRC) and KAUST Solar Center.