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dc.contributor.authorWilson, Rory P.
dc.contributor.authorRose, Kayleigh A.
dc.contributor.authorGunner, Richard
dc.contributor.authorHolton, Mark D.
dc.contributor.authorMarks, Nikki J.
dc.contributor.authorBennett, Nigel C.
dc.contributor.authorBell, Stephen H.
dc.contributor.authorTwining, Joshua P.
dc.contributor.authorHesketh, Jamie
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.
dc.contributor.authorBezodis, Neil
dc.contributor.authorJezek, Milos
dc.contributor.authorPainter, Michael
dc.contributor.authorSilovsky, Vaclav
dc.contributor.authorCrofoot, Margaret C.
dc.contributor.authorHarel, Roi
dc.contributor.authorArnould, John P. Y.
dc.contributor.authorAllan, Blake M.
dc.contributor.authorWhisson, Desley A.
dc.contributor.authorAlagaili, Abdulaziz
dc.contributor.authorScantlebury, David M.
dc.date.accessioned2021-10-31T13:45:23Z
dc.date.available2021-10-31T13:45:23Z
dc.date.issued2021-10-27
dc.date.submitted2021-09-09
dc.identifier.citationWilson, R. P., Rose, K. A., Gunner, R., Holton, M. D., Marks, N. J., Bennett, N. C., … Scantlebury, D. M. (2021). Animal lifestyle affects acceptable mass limits for attached tags. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 288(1961). doi:10.1098/rspb.2021.2005
dc.identifier.issn0962-8452
dc.identifier.issn1471-2954
dc.identifier.doi10.1098/rspb.2021.2005
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/673021
dc.description.abstractAnimal-attached devices have transformed our understanding of vertebrate ecology. To minimize any associated harm, researchers have long advocated that tag masses should not exceed 3% of carrier body mass. However, this ignores tag forces resulting from animal movement. Using data from collar-attached accelerometers on 10 diverse free-ranging terrestrial species from koalas to cheetahs, we detail a tag-based acceleration method to clarify acceptable tag mass limits. We quantify animal athleticism in terms of fractions of animal movement time devoted to different collar-recorded accelerations and convert those accelerations to forces (acceleration × tag mass) to allow derivation of any defined force limits for specified fractions of any animal's active time. Specifying that tags should exert forces that are less than 3% of the gravitational force exerted on the animal's body for 95% of the time led to corrected tag masses that should constitute between 1.6% and 2.98% of carrier mass, depending on athleticism. Strikingly, in four carnivore species encompassing two orders of magnitude in mass (ca 2–200 kg), forces exerted by ‘3%' tags were equivalent to 4–19% of carrier body mass during moving, with a maximum of 54% in a hunting cheetah. This fundamentally changes how acceptable tag mass limits should be determined by ethics bodies, irrespective of the force and time limits specified.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work benefitted by funding from: the CAASE project (King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)) under the KAUST Sensor Initiative (R.P.W., R.G., M.H., C.M.D.); the Royal Society/Wolfson Laboratory refurbishment scheme (R.P.W.); the Department of Learning and the Challenge Funding, and access provided by the National Trust and Forest Service NI (D.M.S., J.P.T.); the Vice Deanship of Research Chairs at the King Saud University, Saudi Arabia (A.A., D.M.S., N.C.B.); The Royal Society 2009/R3 JP090604 (D.M.S.); Natural Environment Research Council NE/I002030/1 (D.M.S.); the Department for Economy Global Challenges Research Fund (D.M.S.); the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARD) Northern Ireland (currently the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs) through various studentships (D.M.S., N.J.M.); the Department for the Economy studentship to J.P.T. (D.M.S., N.J.M.); the National Science Foundation IIS-1514174, IOS-1250895 (M.C.C.); the Packard Foundation Fellowship 2016-65130 (M.C.C.); the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation in the framework of the Alexander von Humboldt Professorship endowed by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (M.C.C.); Deakin University, the advanced research supporting the forestry and wood-processing sector's adaptation to global change and EVA4.0, no. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_019/0000803 financed by OP RDE and supported by grant QK1910462.
dc.publisherThe Royal Society
dc.relation.urlhttps://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2021.2005
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
dc.titleAnimal lifestyle affects acceptable mass limits for attached tags
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Science and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.identifier.journalProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
dc.eprint.versionPost-print
dc.contributor.institutionSwansea Laboratory for Animal Movement, Biosciences, College of Science, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
dc.contributor.institutionCollege of Science, Swansea University, Fabian Way, Swansea SA1 8EN, UK
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Biological Sciences, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 5DL, UK
dc.contributor.institutionMammal Research Institute, Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa
dc.contributor.institutionApplied Sports, Technology, Exercise and Medicine (A-STEM) Research Centre, College of Engineering, Swansea University, Bay Campus, Swansea SA1 8EN, UK
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Game Management and Wildlife Biology, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague 165 00, Czech Republic
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment for the Ecology of Animal Societies, Max Planck Institute of Animal Behavior, Bücklestraβe 5, Konstanz D-78467, Germany
dc.contributor.institutionGermany and Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz 78457, Germany
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Life and Environmental Sciences, Deakin University, Melbourne Burwood Campus, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, VC 3125, Victoria, Australia
dc.contributor.institutionKSU Mammals Research Chair, Zoology Department, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
dc.identifier.volume288
dc.identifier.issue1961
kaust.personDuarte, Carlos M.
kaust.grant.numberKAUST Sensor Initiative
dc.date.accepted2021-10-05
kaust.acknowledged.supportUnitKAUST Sensor Initiative
dc.date.published-online2021-10-27
dc.date.published-print2021-10-27


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