Ionic-Liquid Induced Morphology Tuning of PEDOT:PSS for High-Performance Organic Electrochemical Transistors
Hidalgo, Tania C.
Leong, Wei Lin
KAUST DepartmentKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering Division Organic Bioelectronics Laboratory Thuwal 23955-6900 Saudi Arabia
Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering (BESE) Division
KAUST Grant NumberOSR-2019-CRG8-4073–4095
Embargo End Date2022-10-03
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/672164
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AbstractThe ability to operate in aqueous environments makes poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate), PEDOT:PSS, based organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs) excellent candidates for a variety of biological applications. Current research in PEDOT:PSS based-OECTs is primarily focused on improving the conductivity of PEDOT:PSS film to achieve high transconductance (gm). The improved conductivity and electronic transport are attributed to the formation of enlarged PEDOT-rich domains and shorter PEDOT stacking, but such a change in morphology sacrifices the ionic transport and, therefore, the doping/de-doping process. Additionally, little is known about the effect of such morphology changes on the gate bias that makes the maximum gm (V_G^Peak), threshold voltage (VT), and transient behavior of PEDOT:PSS based OECTs. Here, we tune the molecular packing and nanostructure of PEDOT:PSS films using ionic liquids as additives, namely, 1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium (EMIM) as cation and anions of chloride (Cl), trifluoromethanesulfonate (OTF), bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (TFSI), and tricyanomethanide (TCM). We demonstrate that an optimal morphology is realised using EMIM OTF ionic liquids that generate smaller fibril-like PEDOT-rich domains with relatively loose structures. Such optimal morphology improves ion accessibility, lowering the gate bias required to completely de-dope the channel, and thus enabling to achieve high transconductance, fast transient response and at lower gate bias window simultaneously.
CitationWu, X., Stephen, M., Hidalgo, T. C., Salim, T., Surgailis, J., Surendran, A., … Leong, W. L. (2021). Ionic-Liquid Induced Morphology Tuning of PEDOT:PSS for High-Performance Organic Electrochemical Transistors. Advanced Functional Materials, 2108510. doi:10.1002/adfm.202108510
SponsorsThis research was supported primarily by Ministry of Education (MOE) under AcRF Tier 2 grants (2018-T2-1-075 and 2019-T2-2-106) and National Robotics Programme (W1925d0106). J. S., T.C.H., and S.I. acknowledge support from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Office of Sponsored Research (OSR) under Award No. OSR-2019-CRG8-4073–4095.
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials