A hybrid indirect evaporative cooling-mechanical vapor compression process for energy-efficient air conditioning
Kum Ja, M.
Shahzad, Muhammad Wakil
Ng, Kim Choon
KAUST DepartmentBiological and Environmental Science and Engineering (BESE) Division
Environmental Science and Engineering Program
Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
Online Publication Date2021-09-29
Print Publication Date2021-11
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/672040
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AbstractThe indirect evaporative cooler (IEC) is deemed an effective and sustainable alternative to existing mechanical vapor compression (MVC) chillers in cooling applications. However, IEC is a passive cooler that has no effective control over the supply air temperature and humidity. Also, the performance of IEC degrades severely when the humidity of the air is high. To overcome these limitations, we investigate a hybrid process that connects IEC and MVC in tandem. The outdoor air is firstly pre-cooled in the IEC by recovering energy from the room exhaust air, and then it is further processed to the desired condition using MVC. Such a hybrid IEC-MVC process benefits from IEC’s high energy efficiency and MVC’s capability of humidity and temperature control. A pilot IEC unit with the cross-flow configuration is firstly constructed and tested under assorted outdoor air conditions. Employing the room exhaust air as the working air in the wet channels, the IEC simultaneously cools and dehumidifies the outdoor air. Under the operating conditions considered, the outdoor air temperature can be reduced by 6–15 °C, and the humidity ratio drops by 0.5–4 g/kg. The coefficient of performance (COP) for IEC is 6–16, leading to an overall COP of 4.96–6.05 for the hybrid IEC-MVC process. Compared with a standalone MVC, the electricity consumption can be reduced by 19–135%.
CitationChen, Q., Kum Ja, M., Burhan, M., Akhtar, F. H., Shahzad, M. W., Ybyraiymkul, D., & Ng, K. C. (2021). A hybrid indirect evaporative cooling-mechanical vapor compression process for energy-efficient air conditioning. Energy Conversion and Management, 248, 114798. doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2021.114798
SponsorsThis research was supported by the Water Desalination and Reuse Center (WDRC), King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an open access article under the CC BY license.