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dc.contributor.authorNetzer, Corinna
dc.contributor.authorAhmed, Ahfaz
dc.contributor.authorGruber, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorLøvås, Terese
dc.date.accessioned2021-09-08T13:25:29Z
dc.date.available2021-09-08T13:25:29Z
dc.date.issued2021-06-18
dc.identifier.citationNetzer, C., Ahmed, A., Gruber, A., & Løvås, T. (2021). Curvature effects on NO formation in wrinkled laminar ammonia/hydrogen/nitrogen-air premixed flames. Combustion and Flame, 232, 111520. doi:10.1016/j.combustflame.2021.111520
dc.identifier.issn1556-2921
dc.identifier.issn0010-2180
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.combustflame.2021.111520
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/671127
dc.description.abstractThe formation of nitrogen oxide (NO) in wrinkled laminar NH3/H2/N2-air premixed flames is investigated utilizing two-dimensional Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) with detailed chemical kinetics as well as one-dimensional freely propagating flame calculations. The spatial pattern of NO formation is observed to be closely linked to flame curvature and affected by thermo-diffusive effects acting on key chemical species. Preferential diffusion of H2 into convex-shaped portions of the flame front leads to a local increase in equivalence ratio. This change in local equivalence ratio is found to prominently affect the NO formation. If the fuel-oxidant mixture is globally lean, a local increase in equivalence ratio strengthens the NO formation (locally); in a globally rich fuel-oxidant mixture, conversely, the NO concentration will be reduced in correspondence of local increments of the equivalence ratio. A sensitivity analysis with respect to NO formation reveals that decomposition of NH2 is governed by two competing pathways: the decomposition via NH and N to N2 on the one hand and the oxidation via HNO to NO on the other hand. The local radical pool, which is affected by preferential diffusion of H2 and depletion of O2, and the local fuel-oxidant mixture ratio jointly strengthen further local differences between H2-depleted (concave-shaped) portions of the flame front and H2-enriched (convex-shaped) ones. This is confirmed across a wide range of equivalence ratios from lean to rich conditions.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe present research is funded by the CLIMIT-Demo program of the Research Council of Norway, Project Number 617137 (BIGH2/Phase III), Siemens Energy AG, Equinor ASA. Computational resources are provided by UNINETT Sigma2 Project Number nn9527k and Norstore Project Number ns9121k. Furthermore we kindly acknowledge the financial and collaborative support of the CCRC, KAUST.
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.relation.urlhttps://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0010218021002637
dc.rightsNOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Combustion and Flame. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Combustion and Flame, [232, , (2021-06-18)] DOI: 10.1016/j.combustflame.2021.111520 . © 2021. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.titleCurvature effects on NO formation in wrinkled laminar ammonia/hydrogen/nitrogen-air premixed flames
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.journalCombustion and Flame
dc.eprint.versionPost-print
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
dc.contributor.institutionSINTEF Energy Research, Trondheim, Norway
dc.identifier.volume232
dc.identifier.pages111520
dc.identifier.eid2-s2.0-85109094199
dc.date.published-online2021-06-18
dc.date.published-print2021-10


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