DnaB helicase dynamics in bacterial DNA replication resolved by single-molecule studies.

License
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Type
Article

Authors
Spinks, Richard R
Spenkelink, Lisanne M
Stratmann, Sarah A
Xu, Zhi-Qiang
Stamford, N Patrick J
Brown, Susan E
Dixon, Nicholas E.
Jergic, Slobodan
van Oijen, Antoine M

KAUST Grant Number
OSR-2015-CRG4-2644

Online Publication Date
2021-06-17

Print Publication Date
2021-07-09

Date
2021-06-17

Abstract
In Escherichia coli, the DnaB helicase forms the basis for the assembly of the DNA replication complex. The stability of DnaB at the replication fork is likely important for successful replication initiation and progression. Single-molecule experiments have significantly changed the classical model of highly stable replication machines by showing that components exchange with free molecules from the environment. However, due to technical limitations, accurate assessments of DnaB stability in the context of replication are lacking. Using in vitro fluorescence single-molecule imaging, we visualise DnaB loaded on forked DNA templates. That these helicases are highly stable at replication forks, indicated by their observed dwell time of ∼30 min. Addition of the remaining replication factors results in a single DnaB helicase integrated as part of an active replisome. In contrast to the dynamic behaviour of other replisome components, DnaB is maintained within the replisome for the entirety of the replication process. Interestingly, we observe a transient interaction of additional helicases with the replication fork. This interaction is dependent on the τ subunit of the clamp-loader complex. Collectively, our single-molecule observations solidify the role of the DnaB helicase as the stable anchor of the replisome, but also reveal its capacity for dynamic interactions.

Citation
Spinks, R. R., Spenkelink, L. M., Stratmann, S. A., Xu, Z.-Q., Stamford, N. P. J., Brown, S. E., … van Oijen, A. M. (2021). DnaB helicase dynamics in bacterial DNA replication resolved by single-molecule studies. Nucleic Acids Research, 49(12), 6804–6816. doi:10.1093/nar/gkab493

Acknowledgements
Australian Research Council [DP150100956, DP180100858 to A.M.v.O., N.E.D.]; Australian Laureate Fellowship [FL140100027 to A.M.v.O.]; King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia [OSR-2015-CRG4-2644 to N.E.D., A.M.v.O.]; Australian Government Research Training Program Scholarship (to R.R.S). Funding for open access charge: Australian Research Council.

Publisher
Oxford University Press (OUP)

Journal
Nucleic acids research

DOI
10.1093/nar/gkab493

PubMed ID
34139009

PubMed Central ID
PMC8266626

Additional Links
https://academic.oup.com/nar/article/49/12/6804/6303457

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