A prediction and imputation method for marine animal movement data

Abstract
Data prediction and imputation are important parts of marine animal movement trajectory analysis as they can help researchers understand animal movement patterns and address missing data issues. Compared with traditional methods, deep learning methods can usually provide enhanced pattern extraction capabilities, but their applications in marine data analysis are still limited. In this research, we propose a composite deep learning model to improve the accuracy of marine animal trajectory prediction and imputation. The model extracts patterns from the trajectories with an encoder network and reconstructs the trajectories using these patterns with a decoder network. We use attention mechanisms to highlight certain extracted patterns as well for the decoder. We also feed these patterns into a second decoder for prediction and imputation. Therefore, our approach is a coupling of unsupervised learning with the encoder and the first decoder and supervised learning with the encoder and the second decoder. Experimental results demonstrate that our approach can reduce errors by at least 10% on average comparing with other methods.

Citation
Li, X., Sindihebura, T. T., Zhou, L., Duarte, C. M., Costa, D. P., Hindell, M. A., … Peng, C. (2021). A prediction and imputation method for marine animal movement data. PeerJ Computer Science, 7, e656. doi:10.7717/peerj-cs.656

Acknowledgements
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NO. 61802372), the Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province (NO. LGG20F020011), the Ningbo Science and Technology Innovation Project (NO. 2018B10080), and the Qianjiang Talent Plan (NO. QJD1702031). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

Publisher
PeerJ

Journal
PeerJ Computer Science

DOI
10.7717/peerj-cs.656

Additional Links
https://peerj.com/articles/cs-656

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