Refining plant oils and sugars to platform chemicals, monomers, and polymers

Embargo End Date
2022-05-13

Type
Article

Authors
Pandey, Swechchha
Rajput, Bhausaheb S.
Chikkali, Samir H.

KAUST Department
KAUST Catalysis Center (KCC)
Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division

Date
2021

Submitted Date
2021-05-17

Abstract
As fossil resources continue to dwindle and environmental concerns are magnified, finding sustainable alternatives is the only way to mitigate resource availability and derisk the planet. The principles of Green Chemistry may provide guidance in this case, and renewable resources can be converted into useful platform chemicals, monomers, and polymers. This critical review examines the possibility of utilizing renewable plant oils and sugars to produce feedstock chemicals, monomers, and polymers. Among the seven isomerizing functionalization reactions of plant oils, isomerizing alkoxycarbonylation displays the highest terminal selectivity. Despite the low reactivity of sugar-derived isohexides, new strategies have been deployed to convert isohexides into difunctional monomers and polymers. The commercialization of isohexides and a few polymers derived from these building blocks has just commenced. Thus, challenges associated with isomerizing functionalization of plant oils and the use of sugar-derived isohexides in chemical syntheses have been summarized, and the potential of these renewable resources has been evaluated.

Citation
Pandey, S., Rajput, B. S., & Chikkali, S. H. (2021). Refining plant oils and sugars to platform chemicals, monomers, and polymers. Green Chemistry, 23(12), 4255–4295. doi:10.1039/d1gc00955a

Acknowledgements
We are indebted to DST-SERB (EMR/2016/005120), CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory (HCP0011), India and AvH foundation Bonn, Germany for financial support.

Publisher
Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)

Journal
GREEN CHEMISTRY

DOI
10.1039/d1gc00955a

Additional Links
http://xlink.rsc.org/?DOI=D1GC00955A

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