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dc.contributor.authorKokkini, Zoi
dc.contributor.authorMauri, E.
dc.contributor.authorGerin, R.
dc.contributor.authorPoulain, P. M.
dc.contributor.authorSimoncelli, S.
dc.contributor.authorNotarstefano, G.
dc.date.accessioned2021-07-12T11:51:03Z
dc.date.available2021-07-12T11:51:03Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationKokkini, Z., Mauri, E., Gerin, R., Poulain, P. M., Simoncelli, S., & Notarstefano, G. (2020). On the salinity structure in the South Adriatic as derived from float and glider observations in 2013–2016. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 171, 104625. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2019.07.013
dc.identifier.issn1879-0100
dc.identifier.issn0967-0645
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.dsr2.2019.07.013
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/670148
dc.description.abstractBetween 2013 and 2016 a drastic change in the vertical salinity structure in the South Adriatic Pit was recorded by Argo floats and ocean gliders. The analysis revealed that high salinity waters characterised 2013 at the surface and intermediate layers, creating the conditions for dense water formation. The year 2014 was instead marked by less saline water, dominant in the first 100 m, that spread in the entire Pit. Heat gain, negative E-P anomalies and abundant river runoff, during that period, maintained this saline stratification for more than a year. This water mass contributed to the dilution of the underlying layer, during the convection event of 2015. The spring transition period, later in 2015, as defined by new saline water placed over the winter formatted water mass and the unperturbed part of the existent salinity profile, in the deeper layers, resulted in a particular vertical structure, characterised by a double salinity maximum. High salinity waters continued to be present at the surface and intermediate layers until the end of 2016, when the strong convection led to a deep mixing, eliminating that structure. The analysis of the available datasets in the South Adriatic Pit, since 1984, linked the presence of these high salinity waters, with the cyclonic phase of the North Ionian Gyre, additionally revealing, also, years of a decreasing trend, during the anticyclonic mode of the Gyre.
dc.description.sponsorshipWe would like to thank Piero Zuppelli, Antonio Bussani, and Stefano Kuchler for their crucial help during all the glider experiments, without their help it would have been impossible any of these experiments. We would also like to acknowledge the Croatian authorities in particular Mirna Batistic and Nenad Jasprica for the important support they provided for the the glider mission permits. The OGS Italian National Oceanographic Data Centre/IOC data for providing the historical data. Stefano Querin from OGS and Alessandro Allodi from Regione Emilia Romagna ARPA - SIM Area Idrologia – PARMA are also acknowledged for providing us the Po River discharges data. This research was partially funded by the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR) as part of the Argo-Italy program, the Italian contribution to Argo programme.The float data were collected and made freely available under the International Argo Program in which the national program contributed (http://argo.jcommops.org http://argoitaly.inogs.it). The glider research was carried out with the contribution of RITMARE flagship Project, funded by MIUR under the NRP 2011–2013, approved by the CIPE Resolution 2/2011 of 23.03.2011. Finally, we are grateful to the editor and the anonymous reviewers for their constructive input.
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.relation.urlhttps://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0967064518302984
dc.rightsNOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in DEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART II-TOPICAL STUDIES IN OCEANOGRAPHY. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in DEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART II-TOPICAL STUDIES IN OCEANOGRAPHY, [171, , (2020)] DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2019.07.013 . © 2020. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subjectArgo floats
dc.subjectDense water formation
dc.subjectGlider
dc.subjectLIW
dc.subjectSouth adriatic
dc.subjectThermohaline properties
dc.titleOn the salinity structure in the South Adriatic as derived from float and glider observations in 2013-2016
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.identifier.journalDEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART II-TOPICAL STUDIES IN OCEANOGRAPHY
dc.identifier.wosutWOS:000518878000003
dc.eprint.versionPost-print
dc.contributor.institutionIstituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale (OGS), Borgo Grotta Gigante 42/C, 34010, Sgonico (TS), Italy
dc.contributor.institutionIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Via Franceschini 31, 40128, Bologna, Italy
dc.identifier.volume171
dc.identifier.pages104625
kaust.personKokkini, Zoi
dc.identifier.eid2-s2.0-85069853690


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